Norris Houghton Collection

Norris Houghton Collection 14 boxes of manuscript drafts, sketches, photographs, books, and other materials from this theatre writer and designer, in particular documenting his interest in Russian theatre. He was a theatrical producer and designer, and founder of the Phoenix, one of the first and most successful of New York's not-for-profit Off Broadway theaters. In 1934, as a Guggenheim Fellow, he traveled to the Soviet Union, where he managed to meet the great Russian directors Konstantin Stanislavsky and Vsevolod Meyerhold just as a golden era of Russian theater was coming to an end. Mr. Houghton's trip to Moscow was to turn him into an expert on the Russian theater and led him to author the book Moscow Rehearsals which came out in 1936. He was one of the few Americans to witness firsthand some of the period's legendary productions, like The Anonymous Cuckold, directed by Meyerhold. Mr. Houghton also attended the jubilee performance of Chekhov's Cherry Orchard at the Moscow Arts Theater on Jan. 30, 1935, which starred many of the play's original actors.

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Collection number: SPEC.TRI.NH.