This is the second in a series of posts leading up to the Spring 2015 exhibit of shojo manga at Ohio State’s Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum entitled: World of Shojo Manga: Mirrors of Girls’ Desire. If you are on campus this summer, please come to the 8th Floor of Thompson Library where a small rotating exhibit highlights cartoonists who will be included in the exhibit!
MAKI Miyako 牧美也子 was born in Kobe in 1935. After a very successful career in shōjo manga when she published in such journals as Ribon, Margaret, and Shojo Friend, Maki shifted into the “ladies comics” genre. She is married to Reiji (Leiji) Matsumoto, another cartoonist who will be included in the exhibit.
At Ohio State we currently have these works by Maki Miyako:
Perhaps Maki Miyako’s biggest impact on Japanese popular culture came in 1967 with Rika-chan (“Licca”), a doll developed based on her sketches which quickly became the most popular fashion doll in Japan. Rika-chan’s popularity continues. Recently a new Oshaberi (talking) Smart Eco-House Yuttari-san was developed by Takara TOMY in conjunction with PanaHome to increase environmental awareness among kids playing with Rika-chan dolls. A cute video showing how to play with Oshaberi Smart House Yuttari-san already has over one million hits on YouTube!
(Photo courtesy Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum’s Facebook post on new arrivals of ORIGINAL ART 6-19-2014)
So excited with this acquisition of 39 issues of Yomiuri Sandē Manga 讀賣サンデー漫画 from 1930-31!! Not widely held at all — National Diet Library lists one issue http://iss.ndl.go.jp/books/R100000002-I025061947-00
As explained in this brief survey of newspaper manga(Newspark), after Jiji Manga (of which Ohio State has an almost complete set (1921-31) (+ 1927 issues) — and which we have started indexing on the wiki), Yomiuri Sandē Manga was one of the most successful pre-World War II manga publications. Cartoonists who published in Yomiuri Sandē Manga included:
Note: Vol. 12 of Manga Zasshi Hakubutsukan includes selected reprints from Yomiuri Sandē Manga.
WATANABE Masako, born in 1929, is the oldest of 12 cartoonists featured in the shojo manga exhibit curated by Professor Masami Toku (Art and Art History Department, California State University at Chico), that will be coming to Ohio State’s Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum next spring: March 28 – July 5, 2015.
Since there are 12 mangaka in the exhibit, I decided to blog about one of them each month starting now. In addition, a small exhibit on the 8th Floor of Thompson Library will highlight selected works by these mangaka in a rotating exhibit, with 3 mangaka featured every 3 months. The summer quarter’s rotation (June – August) includes: WATANABE Masako, MAKI Miyako, and MIZUNO Hideko.
Image: Garasu no shiro ガラスの城 (Glass Castle) in November 2, 1969 issue of Shūkan Magaretto 週間マーガレット1969年11月2日号 の画像
As for Watanabe Masako わたなべまさこ, her manga fall into two broad categories. Works from the 50s through the mid-70s are shōjo manga (少女漫画), while after that she moved increasingly into the “ladies comics” (レヂィーコミ) category. Watanabe has been a prolific mangaka, publishing over 100 volumes of manga in her lifetime. She has won a number of prestigious awards and in 2006 was the first female managaka to be decorated with the Order of the Rising Sun. At Ohio State University Libraries we have several representative works, including:
- Aoi sora shiroto wa tobu!青い空 白鳩はとぶ！- originally published in Shūkan Māgaretto = Margaret 週刊マーガレット in 1968, but this copy was reprinted in 1992 with some other works from that period.
- Garasu no shiro ガラスの城 (Glass Castle) (8 volumes), which won the 16th (1971) Shogakukan Manga Award 小学館漫画賞, was originally published in Shūkan Māgaretto = Margaret during 1969-71. Ohio State has some issues of that magazine, but — at this time — none from the time when this manga was being published.
- Ayamashi no densetsu あやかしの伝說 – originally published in Hana to Yume in 1976, but this copy was reprinted in 1992 together with some other works from that period.
- Hyakutō : Zavtra no shishi tachi 百塔 : Завтра の獅子たち (1992) – originally published in Bessatsu Hana to Yume during 1977-79, but this copy is published by Hōmusha in 1992
- Kinpeibai 金瓶梅 (The Plum in the Golden Vase), based on the Chinese novel Jin Ping Mei, written in the late Ming dynasty. Watanabe’s manga version was published in 13 volumes by Futabasha 双葉社 in their Action Comics アクションコミックス series during 1995-2007.
- Manga to ikite まんがと生きて, her autobiography, was published by Futabasha 双葉社 in 2008.
An exhibit in Thompson Library’s Gallery on World War I includes two examples of manga sugoroku (board games) from that era (published 1915-17)! See a short video and my post on the Info-Lit Toolkit blog:
BLOG: Visual Culture: Japan & the Asiatic Theatre.
VIDEO: Sugoroku: Japanese Board Games of the World War I Era
Note: Exhibit includes reproductions of these games — come by and play!
The Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum Blog: Found in the Collection: Jiji Manga, February 1921
The Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum’s blog highlights the first issue of Jiji Manga (see above):
I’ve been purchasing Jiji Manga issues for the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum collection from used book stores in Japan over several years, so our holdings are nearly complete.
Scholars are beginning to use this source for research. For example, Gennifer Weisenfeld researched images in Ohio State’s copy of Jiji Manga for her new book, Imaging Disaster:Tokyo and the Visual Culture of Japan’s Great Earthquake of 1923. (NX584.A1 W45 2012 )
Over several years — and with the help of my very talented graduate assistant, Hyejeong Choi, we’ve been indexing the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum’s holdings of Jiji Manga in the library’s wiki to facilitate access. Hyejeong made thumbnails of each issue’s cover page and transcribed the Japanese text. In some cases we’ve also added translations and links to related resources when we had time.
Here’s a link to the wiki page for the first issue: Jiji Manga No. 1 (shown above) by cartoonist, Rakuten KITAZAWA.
At that early time, use of the word “manga” was very fluid and included various kinds of images such as photographs. Over the course of the next few years, gradually photographs drop out of the pages of this newspaper comic. The BICL&M blog page shows the photographs on interior pages of this issue.
For information about other issues, browse the wiki from the main page for Jiji Manga. Our work on this wiki index is still incomplete. Hopefully we will find more time to work on it soon!
I’ve posted about growth of the manga collection before, but had some questions about this recently. So here’s an update!
Annual figures for volumes/issues (item records) of Japanese language manga cataloged as part of the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum since 1999 are below. Records for these works are all available in the Ohio State University Libraries catalog. A browsable search is currently available by searching on keyword=manga and location =Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum.
- July 2012: 17,938
- Oct 2011: 17,399
- Oct 2010: 16,265
- Dec 2009: 15,462
- Oct 2008: 13,021
- 2007: 11,624
- Nov 2006: 10,413
- 2005: 9,688
- 2004: 8,473
- Jun 2003: 7,892
- Jun 2002: 6,188
- Jun 2001: 5,480
- Aug 2000: 3,588
- Jun 1999: 2,366
Note: I started collecting Japanese manga at Ohio State actually in the mid-80s, but don’t have figures until 1999.
The figures above are for Japanese language materials. We also have about 1,000 volumes of Chinese translations of manga (published in Taiwan) and extensive holdings of English translations, neither of which are included here.
The current Manga Collection Development Policy is published on this site. As the policy is implemented (progress is underway!), it may become harder to gather statistics for the collection, since many manga volumes will be part of general Japanese language collections (not Japanese holdings within the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum).
An out-of-date “Manga Collection Report” which I wrote in 2001 (and revised in 2002) is now archived at the Internet Archives’ WayBack Machine. It reflects approach to building this collection at that time.
Another reference for anyone interested in the history of this collection is Alison Raab’s thesis, “Manga in Academic Library Collections: Definitions, Strategies, and Bibliography for Collecting Japanese Comics” (2005) which I discussed in an earlier post.
Also, Egami Toshinori discusses Ohio State’s manga collection in his book, Hondana no Naka no Nippon:
See especially Chapter 10: クールなニッポン―マンガ・アニメ. An overview of the book (and a video of a discussion that Egami participated in with Wada Atsuhiko at a bookstore in Japan) is available: http://kasamashoin.jp/2012/04/post_2268.html — they do not discuss OSU’s manga collection per se, but they draw attention to collecting of manga at North American research libraries in the middle of the video (ca 44:00 ~ 48:00)
Ken Yasumoto-Nicolson of What Japan Thinks has posted results of a Goo Ranking survey of manga readers in Japan:
You know a manga series is coming to an end when…
The poll was conducted by goo Research monitor group, with over half of the respondents in their 30s and 40s. Also, over 60% were female.
After reading this poll I find myself wondering what series will be ending soon?
At the same time, it is good to know that future researchers will be able to test these poll results against the publications themselves, as we build up a collection of manga magazines at Ohio State! (See the new collection development policy for details.)
Manga Magazines by Nunocardoso
Change is coming for users of Ohio State’s manga collection!
A new Manga Collection Development Policy has just been developed, creating two collections:
- Manga in the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum. Complementing the primary collecting areas of the BICL&M, the manga collection focuses on manga magazines and newspapers, original artwork by manga artists, and translated manga.
- Manga in the general circulating collections:
- Manga. Broadly representative collection focusing on well-known manga titles and examples of various genres.
- Secondary sources on manga and anime. History and criticism monographs, cartoonists’ biographies and autobiographies, reference works, guides to manga, and related works are collected extensively.
- Translations of manga into English are collected selectively as duplicates of holdings in the BICL&M.
What does this mean for users of the manga collection? At the moment, nothing has changed. However, wheels are starting to turn which will eventually change many of currently-non-circulating manga housed in the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum into items that can be borrowed from the general Japanese language collections! Please read the full policy for (some) details about what will become part of the circulating collection and what will stay in the special collections of the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Musuem.
When the change is made, manga available for circulation will also be available for interlibrary loan.
Important note: This will take time…… We have a lot of other work to do in the Libraries…. Please be patient! This is a big change for us…
Tomorrow morning I will join colleagues from CIC universities for a discussion of manga in libraries in a special session of the Midwest Conference on Asian Affairs. Below I am posting the schedule and our proposal text.
Among other things we will be discussing our engagement with students and scholars using manga for teaching, learning, research, and outreach. Here are some websites we will be introducing:
Setsuko Noguchi’s libguide: http://uiuc.libguides.com/mangaresources
Chiaki Sakai’s libguide:http://guides.lib.uiowa.edu/manga-1
This blog (with newly revised links — still needs more work; suggestions are welcome!):http://library.osu.edu/blogs/manga
NCC’s Image Use Protocol site: http://www.nccjapan.org/imageuse/index.html
We will also review some of the issues that Alison Raab raised in her Master’s thesis–
“Manga in Academic Library Collections: Definitions, Strategies, and Bibliography for Collecting Japanese Comics” (2005)
Tomorrow will be the start of Autumn quarter at Ohio State and the first meeting of this year’s freshman seminar, “Analyzing the Appeal of Manga.” I posted the syllabus as a page on this blog.
This will be the sixth time I teach this course. This year’s seminar is quite different from the previous ones, which explored works by various mangaka in different genres, in chronological order. This time we will take up the special topic of TEZUKA Osamu’s manga, which have been heralded by many as influencing and enabling the development of Japan’s rich comics culture. We will read seven manga by Tezuka, who is often called “manga no kamisama” (god of comics). In addition we will read two manga by URASAWA Naoki, who has acknowledged the influence of Tezuka’s manga.
Here are all the reading lists, with this year’s first:
AUTUMN 2010 “Analyzing the Appeal of Manga”
Tezuka, Osamu. Metropolis (1949)
Tezuka, Osamu. Astro Boy v. 3 (1964~65)
Tezuka, Osamu. Dororo v. 1 (1967~1968)
Tezuka, Osamu. Phoenix: Karma (1969~70)
Tezuka, Osamu. Ode to Kirihito. (1970~71)
Tezuka, Osamu. Black Jack v.1 (1973)
Tezuka, Osamu. Adolf v.1 (1983)
Urasawa, Naoki. Naoki Urasawa’s Monster. v. 1 (1995)
Urasawa, Naoki. Pluto. V.1 (2004)
Helen McCarthy. The Art of Osamu Tezuka. (Abrams Comic Arts, 2009)
Scott McCloud. Understanding Comics. (Kitchen Sink Press, 1993)
Natsu Onoda Power. God of Comics. Chapter 3 (Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2009 )
Frederik Schodt. The Astro Boy Essays. Chapter 3 (Stone Bridge Press, c2007 )