Manga

...bibliographic notes about manga...

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Measuring our Vast Manga Collection

Ohio State University Libraries’ manga collection continues to grow each year.  Currently we have over 20,000 volumes, and we boast the largest collection of manga in the world outside of Japan. We have subscriptions to current popular manga serials and academic manga journals (which are not included in our counts below), and we also continue to collect rare and historical manga.

Records for these works are all available in the Ohio State University Libraries catalog. A browsable search is currently available by searching on keyword=manga and location =Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum, for example, or keyword=manga and location =Thompson.  Each year, we conduct an analysis on the number of volumes in our collections.  The latest results are as follow:

2018 – 23,033

2017 – 22,811

2016 – 22,449

2015 – 22,304

2014 – 19,843

2012 -17,938

2011 – 17,399

2010 – 16,265

2009 – 15,462

2008 – 13,021

Note: Before 2012, the manga collection was held almost exclusively in the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum. Since then, we have offered increased access to our more current manga by moving publications after 1989 into general circulation available through Thompson Library, the Fine Arts Library, and the OSU Library Depository.

OSU Library’s formidable Japanese Studies Librarian, Maureen Donovan (now retired), started collecting Japanese manga in the mid-80s, but we don’t have figures until 1999.  For data that dates even further back into the past, please see Maureen’s blog  from 2012.

Japanese-English bilingual guide to BICLM (Part 3 of 3) : Museum Gallery ビリー・アイルランド漫画図書館日英 バイリンガル ガイド(3)

This blog is the third in a 3-part series outlining a bilingual guide in English and Japanese to the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum (BICLM). To read this blog from the beginning, please click here. The purpose of this guide is to serve as an introduction and resource for Japanese-speaking visitors and researchers from all parts of the world.

While the first part of this blog dealt with the front atrium and the reading room, and the second part discussed the work space, archives, and holdings, this part of the blog will describe the museum portion of BICLM. The museum is where BICLM is able to share materials specially curated for general public viewing.

 

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Japanese-English Bilingual guide to BICLM (Part 2 of 3): Office and Archives ビリー・アイルランド漫画図書館日英 バイリンガル ガイド(2)

In the previous blog, we introduced the entrance atrium and reading room of the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum (BICLM). This blog is a continuation of that piece and covers the work space and archives, which are usually not open to the public and require a reservation or guided tour to access. It will also talk about some of the special materials held in the archives, as well as the precautions that are taken to preserve and maintain them.

To request a tour, please contact cartoons@osu.edu.

The BICLM Main Office

Cartoon Library Office

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Our new Japanese-English bilingual guide to the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum (Part 1 of 3) ビリー・アイルランド漫画図書館日英 バイリンガル ガイド(1)

One of the many exciting projects that we have underway is the development of an English and Japanese bilingual guide to the Billy Ireland Cartoon Museum and Library (BICLM).  Our goal with this guide is to improve access for Japanese visitors to BICLM’s special collections, including its world-class manga collection. We’re also excited to share an informal version of our guide here, in this blog, so Japanese visitors can learn about Billy Ireland, without even flying to Columbus!

When we launched this bilingual project, we began by sending a small group of staff and student workers from East Asian Studies at Thompson Library to Billy Ireland to learn about the library and museum first hand.  At the time, we visited with Professor Caitlin McGurk, one of BICLM’s main curators (and one of Alive newspaper’s people to watch!), who gave us a personal tour of the BICLM atrium, offices, vault, library, and museum gallery.  As she showed us around, we asked questions and took pictures and notes so that we could later translate the contents of her tour from English to Japanese.

Atrium Showcase: Easel and Drawing of Cartoon Artist Billy Ireland

Following the tour, we drafted this blog, which, like our bilingual guide, is divided into three sections: the first part introduces what is readily accessible to the general public, specifically the entrance atrium and the BICLM reading room. The second part focuses on the behind-the-scenes work space and vault, or archives. These spaces are only accessible to staff or visitors who have scheduled a special guided tour. Finally, the third part describes the BICLM museum gallery, which showcases permanent and rotating exhibits from the Billy Ireland special collections. Like the entrance atrium and reading room, the museum is open to the general public and can be visited during regular hours of operation. For those visitors who would like to visit these spaces in person, directions, hours, and other details are available on the BICLM website.

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New in the Collection: Georges Ferdinand Bigot and Keikan no tabō (警官のたぼう)

We are proud to announce the recent acquisition of Keikan no tabō (警官のたぼう), now available at the Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum!

The book, Keikan no Tabō, also known by its French title La journée d’un policeman à Tokio : album humouristique, is a collection of comedic comics that follows the everyday lives of Japanese policemen during the Meiji period (1868-1912).  Penned by Georges Ferdinand Bigot,  the comics are written in French and touch on a number of issues of the time, often highlighting Japan’s process of modernization and Westernization. The work provides a window into Japan’s period of rapid change from bakufu rule, characterized by an isolated feudalistic society, to the start of the modern society we see today.

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New Manga Donation from Nova Southeastern University

East Asian Studies (EAS) at the Ohio State University Libraries (OSUL) is pleased to announce that we have received a donation of more than 60 manga titles from Nova Southeastern University!

Included in the donation are many classic and influential series from the ’80s, ’90s, and ’00s. Famous manga artists such as Akira Toriyama, Masakazu Katsura, CLAMP, and Tsukasa Hōjō are just a few of the names that can be found in the collection. The manga donation includes both shōjo manga (少女漫画; translation: girls’ comics) and shōnen manga (少年漫画; translation: boys’ comics) and covers a wide variety of genres.

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Fujihiko Hosono’s ‘Heroes Come Back’ and 3.11 Manga, Part 2.

This is the second of two blog posts on Fujihiko Hosono and his book Heroes Come Back (2013). The first post provides background information on Hosono and how this interview came to take place. To read Part 1, please click here.

Top: OSUL staff and student workers during interview
Bottom Left: Hosono during interview
Bottom Right: Cover of “Heroes Come Back”

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Early in the morning on October 6, Japanese Studies staff and student workers [Ann Marie Davis, Amy Hwang (not pictured), Yasuhiro Aihara, Ryo Kudo, and Chihiro Hosoi] conducted a rare Skype interview with the renowned manga artist Fujihiko Hosono in Tokyo.  Dr. Daisuke Sato of Tohoku University, who helped organize the interview, also participated from his office in Sendai City.  The group decided to focus their discussion on the ideas and inspiration that led Hosono to create Heroes Come Back.  What follows is a summary of the interview, which was conducted originally in Japanese:

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Fujihiko Hosono’s “Heroes Come Back” and 3.11 Manga, Part 1

Left: Panel from “Heroes Come Back” Top Right: Professor Sato signing “Heroes Come Back” Bottom Right: Professor Sato’s signature

Last semester, Japanese Studies at OSU Libraries had a unique opportunity to speak with a leading cartoon artist from Japan, Fujihiko Hosono (細野不二彦). A major figure in Japan’s comic book industry for over 30 years, Hosono made his debut in 1979 with the science fiction series for young adults called Crusher Joe (クラッシャージョウ). Later he published a number of other series including Gallery Fake (ギャラリーフェイク).

Among Hosono’s most recent contributions was a compilation called Heroes Come Back (3.11を忘れないために ヒーローズ・カムバック, 3.11 o Wasurenai Tame ni Hiiroozu Kamubakku), a book of manga that features a special edition of Gallery Fake as well as the works of other well-known artists including Masami Yuki, Sensha Yoshida, and Rumiko Takahashi.
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Chihayahuru (ちはやふる) and Karuta Card Games

Selected covers of Chihayafuru(ちはやふる)v.1-31

Selected covers of Chihayafuru(ちはやふる)v.1-31

Chihayahuru (ちはやふる) is a manga series illustrated by Yuki Suetsugu (末次由紀). Because it features a girl who plays Karuta, the series Chihayahuru can play an important role in introducing Karuta to people beyond Japan.

Karuta (かるた or カルタ), a traditional card game in Japan, has been played since the Genroku period (1688-1704). There are a several types of Karuta – Iroha Karuta, Uta Karuta, and Kyodo Karuta, to name a few. Each type of Karuta is based on a different theme. For example, Iroha Karuta is based on proverbs, and each card starts with a different Hiragana character. Since Iroha Karuta were created before the standard order of Hiragana was changed after WWII, these cards follow the pre-war order of hiragana. Karuta games are usually played for fun, but they are also used pedagogically to teach children Japanese letters.

Karuta is a simple and fun game and it is a good opportunity to learn about Japanese culture. For information on how to play Karuta, wikihow.com offers detailed English instructions.

To learn more about Karuta, check out the following Japanese language books in OSUL:

  • Iwanami Iroha Karuta Jiten  (岩波いろはカルタ辞典) by Tokita Masamizu (2004 Iwanami Shoten)- a dictionary of Iroha Karuta. It explains the metaphor of the poems and include sample images of the Karuta cards.
  • Edo no Yūgi (江戸の遊戯) by Namiki Seishi (2007 Seigensha) – introduces kaiawase(貝合わせ) and sugoroku (すごろく). Kaiawase was very similar to Karuta except instead of playing cards, Kaiawase used elaborately painted sea shells. Sugoroku is a game similar to “chutes and ladders” and was first played during the Edo period. The book also  explains the difference among various kinds of Karuta.

 

 

 

Recently Acquired Karuta Sets at Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum

OSUL recently acquired two sets of Karuta cards: Nonkidane Iroha Kokkei Karuta (ノンキダネイロハ滑稽カルタ) and Kyoka Karuta (狂歌かるた). These sets, along with many other rare manga items can be accessed by the public at The Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum. Contact them to schedule your visit to the reading room today: cartoons@osu.edu

First introduced by Portuguese traders to Japan in the 16th century, Karuta are a form of Japanese playing cards and are still popular today.

Photo of Kyoka Karuta (狂歌かるた)

Photo of the Kyoka Karuta (狂歌かるた)

The first set, Kyoka Karuta or Mad Poem card game, is a form of Uta Karuta, known for using Hyakunin isshu (百人一首), a collection of traditional waka (和歌) poems composed by one hundred different poets. Published in 1890, the Kyoka Karuta set originally had 200 cards in total. Our set, which is missing two cards, has a total of 198 cards: 100 poems cards and 98 miniature color-mounted comic woodblock prints cards. The poems appear in an older, pre- standardized form of Japanese writing. Since some of the characters have changed and are pronounced differently today, the poems may be a challenge for the uninitiated. The cards present a unique opportunity to learn about this precious form of Japanese poetry.

To learn more about Karuta and hyakunin isshu:

Photo of Nonkidane Karuta

Photo of the Nonkidane Iroha Kokkei Karuta (ノンキダネイロハ滑稽カルタ)

The second set of cards, Nonkidane Iroha Kokkei Karuta, was created before WWII and based on a character from Nonki na Tōsan (ノンキナトウサン), a popular four-panel or yonkoma (4コマ漫画) comic, by artist Yutaka Asō (麻生豊). First published in 1922, the series Nonki na Tōsan (Lazy Daddy) appeared in the Yūkan Houchi newspaper (夕刊報知新聞) and inspired movie productions by the same name in 1925 and 1946. The drawings of this Karuta set are humorous in nature, so players can enjoy them even if they do not know Japanese.

Other works from Yutaka Asō at OSUL include:

  • Seishun Jidai (青春時代) by Yutaka Asō  (1935 Tōkyō : Atoriesha, Shōwa 10)
  • Yome o sagashi ni (嫁を探しに) by Yutaka Asō (1929 Tōkyō : Gendai Yūmoa Zenshū Kankōkai, Shōwa 4)
  • Jinsei benkyō (人生勉強) by Yutaka Asō  (19–?)

For research on Nonki na Tōsan (Lazy Daddy), refer to:

NOTE: See the “Chihayahuru (ちはやふる) and Karuta Card Games” post for more information on Karuta.

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