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SPECIAL   COLLECTIONS   CATALOGING   (SCCAT)  

Cataloging Guidelines: Specific Collections



CGA/EAS MANGA CATALOGING PROJECT
Cataloging Manual
February, 2003


Table of Contents
  1. Preparations for Cataloging
    1. Determine format & bib level
    2. Search OSCAR
    3. Search OCLC

  2. Project Bib Record Standards
    1. Descriptive core -- 245, 250, 260, 300
    2. Name access fields -- 100, 240, 700, 710
    3. Title access fields -- 130/240, 246, 4xx/8xx, 740
    4. Notes -- 500, 504, 505, 510, 520, 546, 590
    5. Classification -- 090
    6. Subject headings -- 600, 610, 611, 630, 650
    7. Genre terms -- 655
    8. Special field for this project -- 793

  3. Inputting & Editing on OCLC
    1. Use of constant data
    2. OCLC fixed fields
    3. OCLC 0xx fields -- 010, 020, 022, 041, 049
    4. OCLC 9xx fields -- 910, 948, 949-0, 949-1
    5. Card production

  4. OSCAR item records

  5. Physical Handling

Appendix A: Manga Genre Terms




  1. PREPARATIONS FOR CATALOGING


  1. Determine Appropriate Format / Bib Level

    1. Serial vs. Monographic
    2. Multi-volume on single bibliographic record vs. separate analytic bibliographic records

    Serial

    A serial is a publication issued over a period of time, usually on a regular basis (for example, weekly) with some sort of numbering used to identify issues (such as volume, issue number, or date). A serial, unlike other multi-part publications such as encyclopedias or the complete works of literary authors, does not have a foreseeable end. Examples of serials include popular magazines (Newsweek), scholarly journals (Journal of the American Medical Association), electronic journals (The Scientist), and annual reports.

    Example:

    245 00   Shukan moningu.
    246 30    Moningu
    260   Tokyo : |b Kodansha,
    300   v. |b ill. (some col.) ; |c 26 cm.
    310   Weekly
    500   Description based on: 1994, no. 12 = tsukan 653-go; title from cover.

    This is a title that is published every week with the same title.


    Monographic treatment

    If it's not a serial, treat it as a monograph. In case of doubt, prefer monographic treatment.
    Monographs may have multiple volumes, may be issued over a period of time, and may have volume numbering, but they are finite in nature.

    Examples:

    1. Monograph
    2. Monographic, with series statement
    3. Monographic set with separately-titled pieces
      This is the most common situation for multi-volume works in the Manga Collection so far.


    Multi-volume works

    The most common example of this type of work is an encyclopedia, where there are many volumes, but each piece shares the same title. Treat these on a case-by-case basis in the Manga Collection.


  2. Search OSCAR

    1. OSCAR has full record
    2. OSCAR has less-than-full record
    3. OSCAR has no record

    1. Does a full bibliographic record already exist on OSCAR?

    A "full" bibliographic record is defined as one with an OCLC number in MARC 001 field and a CATDATE in the bib record fixed field. For this Project, if the record is otherwise "full" but needs to have CJK characters added, treat it as if it were not full; edit the record on OCLC & overlay the OSCAR record with the new version.

    If there is a full bib record on OSCAR, upgrade it to Project standards on OSCAR only. Do not recatalog on OCLC. Add any new copies & volumes directly on OSCAR.

    2. Is there a less-than-full bib record on OSCAR to be overlaid?

    A "brief" bibliographic record is defined as one without an OCLC number in MARC 001 field or without a CATDATE in the bib record fixed field, or (for this project only), lacking needed CJK characters. In some cases, this will be a brief bib with an order record attached but no item records yet. In other cases, there may be a brief record with items attached, coded to show that the materials are in the backlog. Or, OSCAR may have a cataloged record with items, but recataloging is necessary to bring the bib record up to the standards of this project.

    If there is a less-than-full bib record on OSCAR to be overlaid, write down the ".b" record number. You will put this in MARC field 948 in your OCLC record to cause the full bibliographic record from OCLC to overlay the OSCAR short record. You also need to note whether the item records already exist on OSCAR or whether they should be created via Field 949-1 as you are cataloging in OCLC.

    3. Is there no record at all on OSCAR?

    If there is no record on OSCAR to be edited or overlaid, note this. You will need to delete MARC field 948 from your OSCAR record since there is nothing to overlay.


  3. Search OCLC

    1. Matching copy on OCLC
    2. Near-match copy on OCLC
    3. No copy on OCLC

    1. If you find a match on OCLC you can edit the record on OCLC for export to OSCAR

    2. If you find a near-match on OCLC, you can use the "new" command as a shortcut to creating your original OCLC record, to avoid some keying. The result is the same as keying on a workform, with certain fields being automatically copied onto the new workform.

    3. If there is no good copy on OCLC, you will key your original record using a workform ("wfm" for monographs, "wfs" for serials.)



II. PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD STANDARDS

  1. Descriptive core

    The "descriptive core" of the bibliographic record includes the "title paragraph" (fields 245, 250, 260) and the physical description (field 300).


    Field 245: Title and statement of responsibility

    Indicators:   1st=0 (when 245 is main entry)
        1st=1 (when another field precedes 245)
        2nd=the number of non-filing characters (such as articles)

    Basic pattern:

    245 10 Title : $b subtitle / $c statement of responsibility.

    Punctuation and spacing is important. The chief source for this information is the title page. For CJK publications, this is extended to include the colophon. If the information is taken from some other place, you should enclose it in square brackets and add a 500 note explaining where you found it.

    Parallel titles all go in the same subfield $a. Make added entries (246 31) for each parallel title. For more information on field 246, see II.C (p. 6).


    Field 250: Edition

    Indicators: None

    Basic pattern:

    250    3rd ed.

    The chief source for this information is the title page, the preliminaries, and the colophon. If the info is taken from some other place, you should enclose it in square brackets.

    Several words commonly found in this field are abbreviated according to AACR2. (Edition=ed.; revised=rev., etc.) This might not be so common with manga, but do consult the AACR2 Appendix B to make sure you are abbreviating correctly.


    Field 260: Imprint (publication, distribution, etc.)

    Indicators: None

    Basic pattern: (note punctuation and spacing)

    260    Place : $b Publisher, $c Date.

    For multi-volume sets published over several years, give the span of dates, (e.g. 1982-1987) If the final date is unknown, leave the date open (e.g. 1982- )

    For non-Gregorian dates, qualify by the Gregorian equivalent.

    260    T{229}oky{229}o :|bK{229}odansha,|cSh{229}owa 60-62 [1985-1987]


    Field 300: Physical description

    Indicators: None

    Basic pattern: (note punctuation and spacing)

    300      132 p. : $b ill. ; $c 28 cm.
    301        1 v. (unpaged) : $b ill. ; $c 24 cm.
    300        1 v. (various pagings) : $b col. ill. ; $c 24 cm.
    300        6 v. : $b col. ill. ; $c 20 cm.
    300        v. : $b col. ill. ; $c 24 cm.

    Also, add a field 500 note describing the size in terms of standard formats, if the item is not shinsho size (105 x 173 mm). For more information on format notes, see II.D (p.7)


  2. Name Access Fields

    Personal Names

    Main entry

    If this work belongs under one author/illustrator, check the form of the name and put it in a 100 field.

    Added entries

    For any other names, check the form of name and use field 700. Make added entries for people for the following types of functions. Use 3-letter Relator Codes in $4 if applicable.

    Donor dnr
    Translator     trc

    Corporate Names

    Main & added entry

    Corporate names are rarely used as entries for these materials. An example where the main entry would be a corporate body name is the group CLAMP, a group of artists who collectively create manga. Corporate bodies could also serve as added entries, although this would be rare in the Manga collection.


  3. Title Access Fields

    Uniform Titles

    The use of a uniform title will be rare in the Manga collection, except where a uniform title is created in order to locate a group of materials together under one heading. For example, the set of Osamu Tezuka's works was cataloged individually, in order to provide title access to each volume. In order to group all the volumes together, a uniform title was created. Each piece received this uniform title, plus the volume numbering. Consult with SCCAT if similar situations are encountered.

    Example:

    800 1 Tezuka, Osamu, |d1926- |tWorks.|f1977 ;|v xx

    Variant Titles

    Indicators:

    1st = 1 nearly always
    1st = 3 (when second indicator is 0)
    2nd = 0 (portion of title)
      = 1 (parallel title)
      = 4 (cover title, if different from title in 245 field)
      = 8 (spine title, if different from title in 245 field)

    Always include variant titles when the title might be logically searched for under a part of the title, or under a similar title. In case of doubt, include a variant title. Other codes can be used for other types of titles. Consult with SCCAT for additional information.

    Example:

    245 00  Shukan moningu.
    246 30  Moningu

    Analytic Titles

    Series Titles

    If a piece being cataloged is part of a series, first consult the authority file to determine if an authority record for the series exists. If it does, follow the record for the form of the heading and whether or not it is traced.

    Example:

     
    1  010     nr 92012045
    2 040 DLC-R |c DLC-R |d DLC-R
    3 005 19920527070207.0
    4 130 0 NHK supesharu
    5 410 2 NHK Shuzaihan. |t NHK supesharu
    6 410 2 Nihon Håosåo Shuppan Kyåokai, |t NHK supesharu
    7 643 Tåokyåo b Nihon Håosåo Shuppan Kyåokai
    8 644 f |5 DLC
    9 645 t |5 DLC
    10 646 s |5 DLC
    11 670 Hito-busoku shakai, 1991: |b t.p. (NHK supesharu)

    This record indicates that the series "NHK supersharu," published by Nihon Shuppan Kyaokai, should be entered as it is written in the 130 field, and the "t" in the 645 indicates it should be traced. Therefore, a record for a piece from this series should have the following series title:

    440  0  NHK supesharu ;|v 305

    If the volume of the series is numbered, include it after the name of the series (in both fields) in a subfield |v.

    If the piece contained some other wording than the authorized heading, construct a paired set of series headings to reflect both the series title as written on the piece and the authorized heading:

    490  1  NHK supesharu serekushon =|a Special selection
    830   0 NHK supesharu serekushon

    If no authority record is found for the series title, construct the series headings to match other pieces from the same series, if there are any, in OSCAR. If no heading at all is found, consult with SCCAT for assistance in formulating a heading.

    It is possible for one piece to belong to more than one series. Also, there are inconsistencies and errors in records previously created in OSCAR, so in case of doubt, consult with SCCAT rather than relying on examples in OSCAR.


  4. Notes

    Records for this project will typically include the following notes. Feel free to make any additional notes which seem useful.

    500 General Notes

    Make notes specifying the source(s) of bibliographic info, if not from the chief source & not otherwise obvious.

    500 Title from cover.

    Make a note describing the size in terms of standard formats, if not shinsho size.

    A4      210 x 297  mm

    A5 148 x 210 mm
    bunko (A6) 105 x 148 mm

    B4 257 x 364 mm
    B5 182 x 257 mm
    B6 128 x 182 mm

    shinsho 105 x 173 mm
    4-6 127 x 188 mm
    kikuhan 152 x 218 mm

    Example:

    500     Format: A5 (148 x 210 mm)

    504 Bibliographies

    If the work contains one or more bibliographies, add this note:

    504     Includes bibliographical references.

    505 Contents

    If the work has separately-titled parts (e.g. stories in an anthology, volumes in a set) you can list the contents in field 505. This field is keyword-searchable in OSCAR. If title-searchable access is also-needed (for titles of individual stories & volumes) you can add these in field 740 using indicator 2 to indicate analytic added entries.

    Example:

    505 0   Hirogare midori no daichi - Sabaku ryokka ni shåogai o kaketa oyako -- "Hirogare midori no daichi" kaisetsu Sabaku wa tomodachida -- Aruke Aimeito - Nihon hatsu no måodåoken Chanpåi - - Måodåoken fukyåu eno kiseki - -- "Aruke Aimeito" kaisetsu Chanpåi to watashi.

    740 02 Hirogare midori no daichi
    740 02 Nihon hatsu no måodåoken Chanpåi
    etc.

    520 Summary

    Optional, but encouraged if useful. Used for plot summaries. Summaries should be short and objective, rather than evaluative.

    520       Three schoolboys save Tokyo from destruction by space aliens.

    520       Contains stories about a father and son who devoted their lives to reforestation of desert lands and a family who pioneered rearing guidedogs in Japan.

    546 Language

    If the language is not clear from the 245 title, or if there are multiple languages involved, you can use field 546 to explain the situation.

    Examples:

    546      In Korean.

    546      Text in Japanese; summary in English on p. 11-12.

    590 Local note

    Use field 590 for any notes which pertain only to OSU's copy, not to the edition generically.

    590      OSU's c.1 signed by the artist.
    590      OSU's c. 1 gift of Emi Matsushita.

    Also, routinely add a 590 note and a corresponding 793 added entry to indicate inclusion in the Manga Collection.

    590      Forms part of the Manga Collection.
    793 0      Manga Collection

    Since this information should appear in every record, you can use a Constant Data record to add it.


  5. Classification

    Constructing the Classification

    Distinguish between these categories

    1. Literary works ("classics illustrated") can be classed with Japanese literature in the range PL700-889 (individual authors PL784-866, subarranged by period then by author) If an individual author is not already established in OSCAR, see the PL schedule and the Literary Author tables to determine a number.

    2. For topical works on particular subjects (history, business, health, etc.) base the call number on the subject. This means that you will have to consult the classification schedules, although you can get a head start by searching OSCAR and OCLC to see how other works on similar subjects have been classed.

    3. Everything else defaults to the basic number range for Japanese comics. In fact, this range will probably be the most commonly used for the Manga Collection.

        PN6790.J3 (plus 2nd cutter for main entry)--books about manga, histories of manga
        PN6790.J32 (plus 2nd cutter for main entry)--collections including several authors/titles
        PN6790.J33 (plus 2nd cutter to sub-arrange by author)--individual, author arrangement
        PN6790.J34 (plus 2nd cutter to sub-arrange by title)--individual, title arrangement

    Shelflisting

    Check your call number in OSCAR. Adjust the cutter as needed to make the main entry fit alphabetically.

    Dates in call number

    For most monographs, include the date as part of the call number, especially when the same title may exist in multiple editions. The call number (including date) is the same for all items attached to that bibliographic record. For multivolume monographs, the date of the first monograph published is included on the call numbaer for all pieces, even when they are published in later years.

    1. Put the call number in field 090. If the OCLC record already has a call number in 050, leave it there and add your 090 in addition.
    2. If the OCLC record already has a call number in 090, delete it or type your call number over it.
    3. If there is no 050 or 090 call number in the OCLC record, just add yours in 090.


  6. Subject Headings

    Delete incorrect or misleading subject headings found on OCLC copy. Delete headings tagged as 650 subjects on records for individual manga that are actually "genres."

    Add subjects from LCSH to bring out topical subjects. Subdivide according to the Subject Cataloging Manual. These terms will be used for the most part when the subject matter of the manga concerns a real person, place, or event.

    610 0 Japan|xHistory|y1926-1945|v Comic books, strips, etc.
    650 0 Arid regions agriculture|zJapan|v Comic books, strips, etc.

    600 10 Oda, Nobunaga, 1534-1482|v Comic books, strips, etc.
    600   0 Generals |zJapan |vBiography

    For common types of subjects, use OSCAR for guidance in constructing headings. If no appropriate headings can be found in records already in OSCAR, consult LCSH and SCCAT for guidance.


  7. Genre Terms

    Assign one or more terms from Appendix A, the Manga Genre Terms List, if they seem appropriate. Use field 655 (indicators 7, blank). If no term seems appropriate, but you think of an appropriate term that should be added to the list, consult with SCCAT, before adding the term to the record.

    It is OK to subdivide any of the subject or genre terms by one of the following chronological subdivisions (used in subfield |y):

    Edo period, 1600-1868
    Meiji period, 1868-1912
    Taisho period, 1912-1926
    Showa period, 1926-1989
    Heisei period, 1989-

    There may be cases when two (or more) different chronological subdivisions are used within a bibliographic record. This might occur, for example, when the story of the manga takes place during the Edo period, but the manga itself was published during the Heisei period.

    Genre terms can be used in combination with topical subject headings, as well

    600 10 Oda, Nobunaga, 1534-1482 |v Comic books, strips, etc.
    650 0   Generals |zJapan |vBiography.
    655 7   Historical manga.
    655 7   War manga.
    655 7   Samurai and ninja manga.


  8. Special fields for this project

    793
    All manga should receive a local added-title entry for the Manga Collection. This is so that a researcher could pull up a list of the complete collection easily and quickly. Since all records will be receiving this field, it should be added with a constant data record.



III. Inputting & Editing on OCLC

  1. Use of Constant Data

    Apply the constant data ("mangabks" for monographs or "mangaser" for serials) This constant data field includes notes for the manga collection (590 and 793) plus 940, 948, and 949 fields. Each day before beginning to catalog, change the date in the constant data.


  2. OCLC Fixed Fields

    In copy cataloging, if unusual codes are encountered, check with SCCAT with any questions. Most fields will be correctly coded in existing bibliographic records, or by using the constant data appropriate for the format (books or serials).

    Monographs:

    BLvl Bibliographic Level. Most often will be coded "m" for monograph.
    DescDescriptive Cataloging Form. Will nearly always be "a" for AACR2.
    ElvlEncoding level. The blank character indicates full LC level; "7" indicates LC minimal-level. Other codes indicate member-input records of various levels. For copy, accept any level in this field.
    IllsNearly always will be "a" for illustrated works
    BiogBiography. Might be used for biographical manga. "b"=individual biography; "c"=collective biography; "d"=contains biographical information
    LitFWill most often be "c" for comic books.
    DtStType of Date/Publication Status. Most often will be "s" for single date, when exact date is known. Use "q" for range of dates when estimating possible date. Other codes will be used very infrequently for manga.
    DatesDate of publication, etc. If exact year is known, code it in Date 1 (e.g. "1998"). If possible span of dates is known, include span (e.g. 1988,2000). Contact SCCAT for more information if needed.
    Lang Nearly always will be "jpn" for Japanese
    Ctry Country of publication, etc. Nearly always will be "ja" for Japan. Check for other country codes if needed.

    Serials:

    BLvl Bibliographic Level. Most often will be "s" for serial.
    S/L Should be "0." Consult with SCCAT if you encounter a record coded "1"
    Desc Descriptive Cataloging Form. Will nearly always be "a" for AACR2.
    Elvl Encoding level. The blank character indicates full LC level; "7" indicates LC minimal-level. Other codes indicate member-input records of various levels. For copy, accept any level in this field.
    SrTp Type of serial. Will most likely be "p" for periodicals, or "m" for monographic series (rarely)
    Freq Frequency. Often "m" for monthly or "w" for weekly. Other codes may be used as well, depending on the frequency with which the manga is published.
    Regl Regularity. Use "r" if publication appears regularly, on a predictable schedule. Use "u" if regularity is unknown, and "x" if publication is completely irregular.
    DtSt Type of Date/Publication Status. "c"=currently published ; "d" ceased publication; "u" status unknown.
    Dates Date of publication, etc. Date 1=beginning date and Date 2=ending date. If publication is ongoing, Date 2=9999. If beginning date is unknown, estimate decade (e.g. 198u,9999)
    Lang Will nearly always be "jpn" for Japanese.
    Ctry Country of publication, etc. Nearly always will be "jp" for Japan. Check for other country codes if needed
    Alph d=Japanese (optional)


  3. OCLC 0xx Fields

    010
    Library of Congress Control Number. This will probably not be found in most Japanese-published manga.

    020
    International Standard Book Number (ISBN). Include it if found in manga.

    022
    International Standard Serial Number (ISSN). Include if found in serial manga. Some titles may have both ISBNs & ISSNs.

    041
    Language code.

    First indicator: 0 = item is not a translation or does not include a translation
     1 = item is or includes a translation

    Subfield |a is used for the language of the main content of the item. For most manga, this will be Japanese (jpn). If translations or multi-lingual works are encountered, consult with SCCAT for instructions.

    049
    Local holdings

    The code for CGA is osu#. This is part of the constant data record for manga books and serials.


  4. OCLC 9xx fields

    910
    Both indicators blank
    Use 3-letter cataloger code (scm for manga).

    Example:
    910    scm

    This indicates the piece was cataloged by the manga cataloger.

    948 (OSCAR Overlay by Bib Record Number)

    Use this field in the OCLC record if there is a short record on OSCAR which you wish to replace. Both indicators blank

    Use 948 to force overlay of an OSCAR record by an incoming OCLC record. Use the full bib record control number from OSCAR, including the dot-b. Be very careful keying this number; you may want to use the "cut-and-paste" function to ensure accuracy.

    Delete any blank 948 inserted by your constant data if you are not intending to overlay.

    949-0

    949 (OSCAR Bibliographic Fixed Fields) -- Second indicator zero
    This string sets codes in the fixed fields when the record is sent to OSCAR

    $l Location  $m Material Type  $x Suppression Code  $d date

    Usually for manga this will be:

    949  0 |lcga|ma|x-|d06-12-00 (change date each day before beginning to catalog!)

    949 (OSCAR Item Records) -- Second indicator one
    This string creates an item record for the bibliographic record when it is sent to OSCAR

    $c Volume   $g Copy   $h Year (this is used for serials only!)  $i Barcode   $j ICODE1   $l Sublocation   $n Public Note   $o Staff Note   $s Status Code   $t ITYPE   $x Suppression

    For monographic manga this will usually be:

    949  1 |ibarcode [key or scan in barcode number] |j0 |lcgas |so |t0 |x-

    For v. 23 of a serial, the field would look like this:

    949  1 |c v.23 |ibarcode |j0 |lcgas |so |t1 |x-

    Omit subfields which don't apply. If there is already an item record on OSCAR, omit the 949-1 string in the OCLC record. Item records can also be created within OSCAR.


  5. Card production

    CGA receives printed cards from OCLC records, in addition to having the records sent to OSCAR from OCLC. In order to ensure this happens, once the record is complete & correct in OCLC (either original or copy records), use the "p" command to "produce" cards and update the holdings on OCLC, followed by the "xpo" command to export the record to OSCAR. Consult with SCCAT with any questions about this procedure.



IV. OSCAR item records

Each piece added to the collection should have an item record. For monographs, most item records will be added by using the 949-1 when exporting the record to OSCAR. For serials, additional item records will need to be created within OSCAR. Consult with SCCAT for instructions.



V. Physical Handling

The Manga Collection is being collected, cataloged and preserved in order to maintain the collection in good condition as a research resource. For this reason, it is important to handle the materials carefully at all times.

Always use care when moving materials onto shelves or trucks. Always keep book jackets or other material with the piece when cataloging. This is not done when cataloging material for the Main Library, but it allows researchers to have access to the entire piece, as it was published. Since materials in CGA are not labeled on the spine, the call number should be written clearly and neatly in pencil on the streamer. For serials, each piece will need to have the call number on the streamer. Students at CGA will trim the streamer after cataloging so that the location is no longer present. Place the barcode label on the streamer below the written call number.

Statistics will be pulled on a monthly basis from the 910 field in OSCAR records. For this reason, it's very important that the 910 date field be updated in the constant data record every day before beginning to work on records. If unusual work is encountered, such as a very large number of added serial volumes, alert SCCAT so that the reports will reflect the work you have done.




Appendix A
Manga Genre Terms

2/2003

Alphabetical list
By characters
By form
By group
By setting
By target audience
By topic

Alphabetical list

  • 1-panel strips

  • 4-panel strips

  • Adult manga (Use this term when the target of the manga is adults in general)

  • Animal manga

  • Art manga (manga dealing with art, art dealers, the art world, etc.)

  • Baseball manga

  • Basketball manga

  • Biographical manga

  • Buddhist manga

  • Boys’ manga

  • Business manga

  • Campus manga (Drama set at a university or college)

  • Comedy manga

  • Cooking manga

  • Detective and mystery manga

  • Drama manga

  • Education manga (a comic whose subject is an educational problem, such as juku, yobiko, entrance exams)

  • Educational manga

  • Entertainment and show business manga

  • Erotic manga

  • Family manga

  • Fantastic manga

  • Financial/economic manga

  • Fishing manga

  • Fushiga (political cartoons)

  • Fujori manga ("Absurdity"--a current trend in Japanese gag manga)

  • Gag manga

  • Gambling manga

  • Garo group

  • Gekiga (drama)

  • Ghost manga

  • Giga (caricature)

  • Girls’ manga

  • Golf manga

  • Historical manga

  • Homosexual manga

  • Horror manga

  • Journalistic manga (content written by a journalist, or a comic in which journalist(s) play a major role)

  • Juvenile manga

  • Literary manga (use for manga adaptations of literary works)

  • Medical manga

  • Men’s manga

  • Motorcycle manga

  • Music manga

  • Nonsense manga

  • Picaresque manga (use to refer to stories about the adventures of rogues and knaves)

  • Political manga (politician(s) play a major role)

  • Religious manga (prefer individual religion, if manga applies only to one religion)

  • Robot and cyborg manga

  • Romance manga

  • Samurai and ninja manga

  • School manga (drama set at a high school or middle school)

  • Science-fiction manga

  • Soccer manga

  • Social- issue manga

  • Sports manga (prefer term for individual sport, if manga applies to only one, such as baseball)

  • Sumo manga

  • Teen-age gang manga (Kids fight to be the "boss" of all the Japanese kids)

  • War manga

  • Western manga

  • Yakuza manga

  • Also other thesauri terms to be updated: Fantastic fiction.gsafd


By target audience

  • Adult manga (Use this term when the target of the manga is adults in general)

  • Boys’ manga

  • Girls’ manga

  • Men’s manga


By setting

  • Campus manga (Drama set at a university or college)

  • Family manga

  • School manga (drama set at a high school or middle school)

  • War manga

  • Western manga


By characters

  • Animal manga

  • Ghost manga

  • Robot and cyborg manga

  • Samurai and ninja manga

  • Teen-age gang manga (Kids fight to be the "boss" of all the Japanese kids)

  • Yakuza manga


By topic

  • Art manga (manga dealing with art, art dealers, the art world, etc.)

  • Sports manga (prefer term for individual sport, if manga applies to only one, such as baseball)

    • Baseball manga

    • Basketball manga

    • Golf manga

    • Motorcycle manga

    • Sumo manga

    • Fishing manga

    • Soccer manga

  • Biographical manga

  • Business manga

  • Comedy manga

  • Cooking manga

  • Detective and mystery manga

  • Drama manga

  • Education manga (a comic whose subject is an educational problem, such as juku, yobiko, entrance exams)

  • Educational manga

  • Entertainment and show business manga

  • Erotic manga

  • Fantastic manga

  • Financial/economic manga

  • Fushiga (political cartoons)

  • Fujori manga ("Absurdity"--a current trent in Japanese gag manga)

  • Gag manga

  • Gambling manga

  • Historical manga

  • Homosexual manga

  • Horror manga

  • Journalistic manga (content written by a journalist, or a comic in which journalist(s) play a major role)

  • Juvenile manga

  • Literary manga (use for manga adaptations of literary works)

  • Medical manga

  • Music manga

  • Nonsense manga

  • Picaresque manga (use to refer to stories about the adventures of rogues and knaves)

  • Political manga (politician(s) play a major role)

  • Religious manga (prefer individual religion, if manga applies only to one religion)

    • Buddhist manga

  • Romance manga

  • Science-fiction manga

  • Social- issue manga

  • Spy manga

  • Also other thesauri terms to be updated: Fantastic fiction.gsafd


By form

  • 1-panel strips

  • 4-panel strips


By group

  • Garo group


Return to SCCAT Guidelines for Specific Collections.

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