Dictionaries for Classical Japanese

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Classical Japanese employs a morphology, orthography, and lexicon (including many misleading "false friends") different enough from that of Modern Japanese to cause problems for the novice . While most dictionaries for Classical Japanese include some discussion of grammar in addition to glosses of words and citations from literature, still, an introduction to references for Classical Japanese is not complete without some foundational studies not properly decribable as "dictionaries". If you want to "cut to the chase," see the section Lexicon below.


Contents

古語辞典

Grammar

  • A functional grammar of predication in classical Japanese. Quinn, Charles. (Ph.D. dissertation). University of Michigan, 1987.
  • The inflections of 8th-century Japanese. Yokoyama, Masako. Baltimore: Linguistic Society of America, 1950.
P25 .L28 NO45
(According to Roy Andrew Miller, the major existing descriptive treatment of Old Japanese)
  • Classical Japanese: a grammar. Shirane, Haruo. New York: Columbia University Press, c2005.
PL531.3 .S55 2005
  • A descriptive grammar of early Old Japanese prose. Bentley, John R. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2001.
PL525.2 .B46 2001
  • Gaisetsu koten Nihongo bunpō. Saeki Umetomo, Suzuki Yasuyuki (kanshū); Nihongo Bunpō Kenkyūkai (hen). Tōkyō: Ōfūsha, 1991.
概說・古典日本語文法. 佐伯梅友, 鈴木康之(監修); 日本語文法研究会(編). 東京: 桜楓社, 1991.
PL531.3 .G34 1991
  • A grammar of classical Japanese. Komai, Akira. Chicago: Culver Pub., c1979.
PL531.3 .K6 1979
  • Tanka bunpō jiten. Miyagi Ken'ichi, Usuda Noboru (hen). Tōkyō: Iizuka Shoten, 1985.
短歌文法辞典. 宫城謙一, 碓田のぼる(編). 東京: 飯塚書店, 1985.
PL728 .T33 1985
  • Wakariyasuku oboeyasui Nihon bunpō no kenkyū. Sanseidō Henshūjo (hen). Tōkyō: Sanseidō, 1934. (Shōwa 9).
分り易く覺え易い日本文法の研究. 三省堂編輯所(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1934. (昭和 9).
PL533 .W23 1934
  • Bungo Manual: Selected Reference Materials for Students of Classical Japanese. Helen Craig McCullough. Ithaca: Cornell East Asia Program, 1988.
  • An Introduction to Classical Japanese. Komai, Akira; Rolich, Thomas H. . Tokyo: Bonjinsha, 1991.
  • Classical Japanese Grammar Illustrated with Texts. Ikeda Tadashi. Tokyo: Tôhô Gakkai, 1975.
  • A Programmed Introduction to Literary Style Japanese. P.G. O'Neill.
  • Dictionary of Selected Forms in Classical Japanese. Ivan Morris.
(Columbia Press issued a 51 --page Corrigenda, Addenda, Substituenda for this in 1970.)
  • Manuel de japonais classique: Initiation au bungo. Paris: Langues et Mondes Pigeot, Jacqueline. L'Asiathèque, 1998.
ISBN: 291105346X
  • A Grammar of Formal Written Japanese. Lehmann, Winfred P.; Faust, Lloyd. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951.
  • Morfologia della lingua giapponese scritta: Con particolare riguardo allo stile classico. Muccioli, Marcello. Napoli: Istituto Universario Orientale, 1969.
  • A reference grammar of classical Japanese prose. Alexander Vovin. London; New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.
PL525.3 .V68 2003
(Reviewed unfavorably by Roy Andrew Miller in The Journal of the American Oriental Society, 10/01/2003.)
  • The Evolution of the Japanese Past and Perfective Suffixes. Sandness, Karen. Center for Japanese Studies, Univ. of Michigan, 1999.
  • The structure and history of Japanese. Takeuchi, Lone. Longman Linguistic Library, 1999.
  • Einführung in das klassische Japanisch: anhand der Gedichtanthologie Hyakunin isshu. Rickmeyer, Jens. Hamburg: H. Buske, 1991.
  • Handbook of Japanese Grammar. Henderson, Harold. 1943. (revised ed. 1948).
  • Klassischjapanische Lektüre, Genji no Monogatari. Rickmeyer, Jens. Hamburg: H. Buske, 1991.
  • Selections from Japanese literature (12th to 19th centuries). Daniels, F. J. (General editor). London, L. Humphries, 1975. (c1958).
ISBN/ISSN 0853311153.
(more of a reader than a text-book)
  • Nihon Bumpo Jiten. Kitahara Yasuo et al, eds. Yuseido, 1981.
  • Shin koten no bunpou. Akimoto Morihide, Watanabe Terumichi. Kyoto: Chuo Tosho, 1991.
  • Shinpen bungo bunpou. Oono Susumu (ed). Kyoto: Chuo Tosho, 1987.
  • An Historical Grammar of Japanese. Sansom, George B.
  • Abriß der japanischen Grammatik: Auf der Grundlage der klassischen Schriftsprache. Lewin, Bruno. Wiesbaden: Harrassowicz, 1959. (4th. ed. 1996).
  • Japanische Chrestomathie: von der Nara-Zeit bis zur Edo-Zeit. Lewin, Bruno. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1965.
(Vol. 1 contains textual and historical introduction and romaji-transcription with commentary and grammatical notes of 66 different texts from Nara to Edo period. Vol. 2 contains these texts in Japanese script.)
  • Woerterbuch zur altjapanischen Liedersammlung Kokinshu. Florenz, Karl. Hamburg: Friedrichsen & Co, 1925.
(Explains words of the Kokinshu poetry-collection within their grammatical context, based on joint research with Basil Hall Chamberlain).
  • Key to Classical Japanese: A list of inflected and un-inflected suffixes and particles of the 7th and 8th century. Pierson, J.L. Leiden: E.J. Brill 1956.
(Mainly based on Man'yoshu examples, but also on other ancient texts.)

Phonology

Lange, Roland. 1973. The Phonology of Eighth-Century Japanese. Sophia University Press, Tokyo.

Martin, Samuel E. 1987. The Japanese Language Through Time. Yale University Press, New Haven & London.

Unger, J. Marshall. 1993. Studies in Early Japanese Morphophonemics. Indiana University Linguistics Club Publications, Bloomington.

Miyake, Marc Hideo. 2003. Old Japanese: A Phonetic Reconstruction. RoutledgeCurzon, London.

Frellesvig, Bjarke. 1995. A Case Study in Diachronic Phonology – The Japanese Onbin Sound Changes. Aarhus University Press, Aarhus.

  • The phonological basis for the comparison of Japanese and Korean. Whitman, John Bradford. (Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University). 1985.
PL540 .W55 1985 A

Lexicon

  • Kogo daijiten. Nakada Norio, Wada Toshimasa, Kitahara Yasuo (hen). Tōkyō: Shōgakkan, 1983. (Shōwa 58).
古語大辞典. 中田祝夫, 和田利政, 北原保雄. 東京 : 小学館, 1983. (昭和58).
PL675 .K585 1983
  • Kadokawa kogo daijiten. Nakamura Yukihiko, Okami Masao, Sakakura Atsuyoshi (hen). Tōkyō: Kadokawa Shoten, 1982-1999. (Shōwa 57-Heisei 11).
角川古語大辞典. 中村幸彥, 岡見正雄, 阪倉篤義(編). 東京: 角川書店, 1982-1999. (昭和57-平成11).
PL675 .K338 1982
  • Jidaibetsu kokugo daijiten: Jōdai hen. Jōdaigo Jiten Henshū Iinkai (hen). Tōkyō: Sanseidō, 1967. (Shōwa 42). (1968 printing).
時代別国語大辞典: 上代編. 上代語辞典編修委員会(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1967. (昭和42). (1968 printing).
PL685 .J5
  • Jidaibetsu kokugo daijiten: Muromachi jidai hen. Muromachi Jidaigo Jiten Henshū Iinkai (hen). Tōkyō: Sanseidō, 1985-2001.
時代別国語大辞典: 室町時代編. 室町時代語辞典編修委員会(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1985-2001.
PL682 .J53 1985
  • Edogo jiten. Ōkubo Tadakuni, Kinoshita Kazuko (hen). Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō Shuppan, 1991. (Heisei 3).
江戶語辞典. 大久保忠国, 木下和子(編). 東京: 東京堂出版, 1991 (平成 3).
PL525.5 .O38 1991
  • Edo jidai hon'yaku Nihongo jiten. Sugimoto Tsutomu (hen). Tōkyō: Waseda Daigaku Shuppanbu, 1981. (Shōwa 56).
江戶時代翻訳日本語辞典. 杉本つとむ(編). 東京: 早稲田大学出版部, 1981. (昭和 56).
PL679.H733 S84 1981
  • Iwanami kogo jiten. Ōno Susumu, Satake Akihiro, Maeda Kingorō (hen). Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, 1990.
岩波 古語辞典. 大野晋, 佐竹昭広, 前田金五郎(編). 東京 : 岩波書店, 1990.
PL675 .I89 1999
  • Ōbunsha zen'yaku kogo jiten. Sakurai Mitsuru ... [et al.] (hen). Tōkyō: Ōbunsha, 2003.
旺文社全訳古語辞典. 桜井満 ... [et al.](編). 東京: 旺文社, 2003.
PL682 .O28 2003
  • Shōgakkan zenbun zen'yaku kogo jiten. Kitahara Yasuo (hen). Tōkyō: Shōgakkan, 2004.
小学館全文全訳古語辞典. 北原保雄(編). 東京: 小学館, 2004.
PL685 .S564 2004
  • Zen'yaku kogo reikai jiten. Kitahara Yasuo (hen). Tōkyō: Shōgakkan, 1998
全訳古語例解辞典. 北原保雄(編). 東京: 小学館, 1998.
PL675 .Z36 1998
  • Gendaigo kara kogo ga hikeru kogo ruigo jiten. Serifu Kimio (hen). Tōkyō: Sanseidō, 1995.
現代語から古語が引ける古語類語辞典. 芹生公男(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1995.
PL682 .S46 1995
  • Nihon koten bungaku daijiten. Nihon Koten Bungaku Daijiten Henshū Iinkai (henshūsha); Ichiko Teiji ... et al. (henshū iin kanshū). Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, 1983-1985.
日本古典文学大辞典. 日本古典文学大辞典編集委員会(編集者); 市古貞次 ... et al. (編集委員監修). 東京: 岩波書店, 1983-1985.
PL726.1 .N45 1983
  • Über japanische Archaismen. Pfizmaier, von dr. A. Wien, 1874.
AS142 .V68 v.22-23
  • Koten taishō goihyō. Miyajima Tatsuo (hen). Tōkyō: Kasama Shoin, 1975. (Shōwa 50).
古典対照語彙表. 宫島達夫(編). 東京: 笠間書院, 1975. (昭和 50).
PL685 .M49 1975

Orthography

  • Jōdai kanazukai jiten. Igarashi Jin'ichi (hen). Tōkyō: Shōgakkan, 1969. (Shōwa 44).
上代仮名遣辞典. 五十嵐仁一(編). 東京: 小学館, 1969. (昭和44).
PL545 .I35
  • Nihongo no tanjō: kodai no moji to hyōki. Okimori Takuya. Tōkyō: Yoshikawa Kōbunkan, 2003.
日本語の誕生 : 古代の文字と表記. 冲森卓也. 東京: 吉川弘文館, 2003.
PL661 .O35 2003
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