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Dictionaries for Classical Japanese

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Classical Japanese employs a morphology, orthography, and lexicon (including many misleading "false friends") different enough from that of Modern Japanese to cause problems for the novice . While most dictionaries for Classical Japanese include some discussion of grammar in addition to glosses of words and citations from literature, still, an introduction to references for Classical Japanese is not complete without some foundational studies not properly decribable as "dictionaries". If you want to "cut to the chase," see the section Lexicon below.




P25 .L28 NO45
(According to Roy Andrew Miller, the major existing descriptive treatment of Old Japanese)
PL531.3 .S55 2005
PL525.2 .B46 2001
概說・古典日本語文法. 佐伯梅友, 鈴木康之(監修); 日本語文法研究会(編). 東京: 桜楓社, 1991.
PL531.3 .G34 1991
PL531.3 .K6 1979
短歌文法辞典. 宫城謙一, 碓田のぼる(編). 東京: 飯塚書店, 1985.
PL728 .T33 1985
分り易く覺え易い日本文法の研究. 三省堂編輯所(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1934. (昭和 9).
PL533 .W23 1934
(Columbia Press issued a 51 --page Corrigenda, Addenda, Substituenda for this in 1970.)
ISBN: 291105346X
PL525.3 .V68 2003
(Reviewed unfavorably by Roy Andrew Miller in The Journal of the American Oriental Society, 10/01/2003.)
ISBN/ISSN 0853311153.
(more of a reader than a text-book)
(Vol. 1 contains textual and historical introduction and romaji-transcription with commentary and grammatical notes of 66 different texts from Nara to Edo period. Vol. 2 contains these texts in Japanese script.)
(Explains words of the Kokinshu poetry-collection within their grammatical context, based on joint research with Basil Hall Chamberlain).
(Mainly based on Man'yoshu examples, but also on other ancient texts.)


Lange, Roland. 1973. The Phonology of Eighth-Century Japanese. Sophia University Press, Tokyo.

Martin, Samuel E. 1987. The Japanese Language Through Time. Yale University Press, New Haven & London.

Unger, J. Marshall. 1993. Studies in Early Japanese Morphophonemics. Indiana University Linguistics Club Publications, Bloomington.

Miyake, Marc Hideo. 2003. Old Japanese: A Phonetic Reconstruction. RoutledgeCurzon, London.

Frellesvig, Bjarke. 1995. A Case Study in Diachronic Phonology – The Japanese Onbin Sound Changes. Aarhus University Press, Aarhus.

PL540 .W55 1985 A


古語大辞典. 中田祝夫, 和田利政, 北原保雄. 東京 : 小学館, 1983. (昭和58).
PL675 .K585 1983
角川古語大辞典. 中村幸彥, 岡見正雄, 阪倉篤義(編). 東京: 角川書店, 1982-1999. (昭和57-平成11).
PL675 .K338 1982
時代別国語大辞典: 上代編. 上代語辞典編修委員会(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1967. (昭和42). (1968 printing).
PL685 .J5
時代別国語大辞典: 室町時代編. 室町時代語辞典編修委員会(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1985-2001.
PL682 .J53 1985
江戶語辞典. 大久保忠国, 木下和子(編). 東京: 東京堂出版, 1991 (平成 3).
PL525.5 .O38 1991
江戶時代翻訳日本語辞典. 杉本つとむ(編). 東京: 早稲田大学出版部, 1981. (昭和 56).
PL679.H733 S84 1981
岩波 古語辞典. 大野晋, 佐竹昭広, 前田金五郎(編). 東京 : 岩波書店, 1990.
PL675 .I89 1999
旺文社全訳古語辞典. 桜井満 ... [et al.](編). 東京: 旺文社, 2003.
PL682 .O28 2003
小学館全文全訳古語辞典. 北原保雄(編). 東京: 小学館, 2004.
PL685 .S564 2004
全訳古語例解辞典. 北原保雄(編). 東京: 小学館, 1998.
PL675 .Z36 1998
現代語から古語が引ける古語類語辞典. 芹生公男(編). 東京: 三省堂, 1995.
PL682 .S46 1995
日本古典文学大辞典. 日本古典文学大辞典編集委員会(編集者); 市古貞次 ... et al. (編集委員監修). 東京: 岩波書店, 1983-1985.
PL726.1 .N45 1983
AS142 .V68 v.22-23
古典対照語彙表. 宫島達夫(編). 東京: 笠間書院, 1975. (昭和 50).
PL685 .M49 1975


上代仮名遣辞典. 五十嵐仁一(編). 東京: 小学館, 1969. (昭和44).
PL545 .I35
日本語の誕生 : 古代の文字と表記. 冲森卓也. 東京: 吉川弘文館, 2003.
PL661 .O35 2003
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