Mitsubishi Corp

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Mitsubishi Corporation
三菱商事株式会社
Mitsubishi.jpg
Founded 1918 (reinstated in 1954)
Type Public
Industry Business innovation, financial services, machinery, chemicals, construction, energy, metal, food, and consumer goods
Headquarters Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Website Japanese English Chinese

三菱商事株式会社

Tsukumo Shokai was purchased by Yataro Iwasaki in 1870 during the Meiji restoration. The company was one of the few offered by the government to wealthy investors to be run as a sort of business model for the industrialization of Japan. Not rich but well connected Iwasaki used his influence to build Tsukumo into a massive shipping conglomerate changing the name to Mitsubishi (literally three diamonds in Japanese) in 1873. Its success earned the title of zaibatsu (money clique) and it joined its peers in controlling business in Japan. The company was diversified into such as banking, real estate and ship building. Mitsubishi entered the auto industry in 1917 with the creation of the Mitsubishi Model A, manufactuing a total of 22 units its first year1. Wars such as the Sino-Japanese War and WW1 benefited their business. In WW2 it would manufacture the famous “zero” warplane as well as ships but its success wouldn’t last as the end of the war saw its factories in ruins. Within Japan occupied by America after the war American anti-monopoly rules broke up the zaibatsu into 139 separate companies but with America’s call for support during the Chinese communist revolution and the Korean War such laws were loosened and the component companies reformed Mitsubishi becoming a keiretsu. The coming decades were witness to further diversification by Mitsubishi including automobile manufacturing but the 1990’s would try the company as the Japanese economy went into recession and private company began forming their own shipping networks. Today Mitsubishi has 382 subsidiaries and holds 199,228,062,306 yen in capital (as of 2007).

NAICS:

    424710 - Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals
    324110 - Petroleum Refineries
    423130 - Tire and Tube Merchant Wholesalers
    423310 - Lumber, Plywood, Millwork, and Wood Panel Merchant Wholesalers
    423410 - Photographic Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
    423430 - Computer and Computer Peripheral Equipment and Software Merchant Wholesalers
    423510 - Metals Service Centers and Other Metal Merchant Wholesalers
    423610 - Electrical Apparatus and Equipment, Wiring Supplies, and Related Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
    423620 - Electrical and Electronic Appliance, Television, and Radio Set Merchant Wholesalers
    423690 - Other Electronic Parts and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
    423830 - Industrial Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
    424130 - Industrial and Personal Service Paper Merchant Wholesalers
    424310 - Piece Goods, Notions, and Other Dry Goods Merchant Wholesalers
    424410 - General Line Grocery Merchant Wholesalers
    424420 - Packaged Frozen Food Merchant Wholesalers
    424490 - Other Grocery and Related Product Merchant Wholesalers
    424610 - Plastics Materials and Basic Forms and Shapes Merchant Wholesalers
    424690 - Other Chemical and Allied Products Merchant Wholesalers
    424720 - Petroleum and Petroleum Products Merchant Wholesalers (except Bulk Stations and Terminals)
    424910 - Farm Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
    424940 - Tobacco and Tobacco Product Merchant Wholesalers
    441110 - New Car Dealers
    541611 - Administrative Management and General Management Consulting Services
    551112 - Offices of Other Holding Companies
    561110 - Office Administrative Services

History

  • 1918年、三菱(資)の営業部門が分離し<旧>三菱商事(株)を設立。
  • 1943年、三菱汽船(株)を設立。
  • 1950年、<旧>三菱商事(株)の解散後、第2会社として光和実業(株)を設立。
  • 1952年、光和実業(株)から三菱商事(株)に社名変更。
  • 1954年、不二商事(株)と東京貿易(株)と東西交易(株)を吸収合併。

reference

[reference: 結城智里『企業名変遷要覧』日外アソシエーツ:Nichigai Asoshiētsu, 2006.]

Shashi

財団法人 渋沢栄一記念財団実業史研究情報センターの社史紹介
財団法人 渋沢栄一記念財団実業史研究情報センターの社史紹介
  • 貿易手続電子化支援事業報告書 : 貿易金融 EDI 共通基盤システムを利用した接続ソフトウェアの開発及び実証実験 : 2002年度経済産業省委託調查 2003 OCLC: #54803797

Other Histories

三菱社誌 1979  OCOC: #26439387

商社 : 三菱商事 / 編者ダイヤモンド社 ダイヤモンド社, 1965 OCLC: #45259037

日本の商社三菱商事 / 菊地敬夫著 每日新聞社, 1973 OCLC: #40102652

時差は金なり : 內側からみた総合商社 / 三菱商事株式会社広報室著 サイマル出版会, 1977 OCLC: #22796364

Japanese business in the United States before World War II : the case of Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha, the San Francisco and Seattle branches / by Nobuo Kawabe, 1980 OCLC: #17537755

三菱商事の研究 : 世界一商社の立体解剖 / 日興リサーチセンター編 東洋経済新報社, 1980 OCLC: #8882879

三菱商事 / 加藤寬, 野田一夫 蒼洋社 : 発売 英潮社, 1980 OCLC: #22796602OCLC: #29341874

勲一等とカズノコ : 三菱商事研究 / 志村嘉一郎著 朝日ソノラマ, 1981 OCLC: #22802256

総合商社の研究 : 戦前三菱商事の在米活動 / 川辺信雄著 実教出版, 1982 OCLC: #17093912

幾山河 : 私の体当りビジネス戦記 / 田部文一郎著 実業之日本社, 1984 OCLC: #18873286

三菱の情報戦略 : 情報通信革命に挑戦する / 角間隆著 ダイヤモンド社, 1986 OCLC: #15392943

三菱商事を変革した男・藤野忠次郎 / 八木大介著 ダイヤモンド社, 1987 OCLC: #18645206

三菱商事最高経営会議 : 長期経営計画「K-プラン」は巨大商社を甦らせるか / 美里泰伸著 アイペック, 1988 OCLC: #32594305OCLC: #30315013

三菱商事金融革命への疾走 / 生方幸夫著 講談社, 1989 OCLC: #21945661

窓際の退屈男の反乱 / 牛場靖彦著 講談社, 1989 OCLC: #22849035

三菱商事成立史の研究 : 総合商社の誕生 / 長沢康昭著 日本経済評論社, 1990 OCLC: #21945855

三菱商事 : 地球をかけめぐる頭脳集団 / さいとう・たかを著 科学技術敎育協会, 1990 OCLC: #33741490

三菱霸王岩崎弥太郎 / 坂本藤良著 中国经济出版社, 1992 OCLC: #34498645

Le groupe Mitsubishi, 1870-1990 : du zaibatsu au keiretsu / by Claude Hamon, 1995 OCLC: #34177960

The corporate rainforest campaign / by Rainforest Action Network, 1995 OCLC: #63157057

岩崎小彌太 : 三菱を育てた経営理念 / 宮川隆泰著 中央公論社, 1996 OCLC: #35728489

総合商社プロフェッショナル : 15人の三菱商事マン, ビジネス最前線からのレポート = Professionals / 一志治夫著 エスクァイアマガジンジャパン, 1999 OCLC: #56496277

The history of Mitsubishi Corporation in London : 1915 to present day / by Pernille Rudlin, 2000 OCLC: #42708163

三菱商事 21世紀 "新機能" 経営への挑戦 / 久保巖著 実業之日本社, 2001 OCLC: #49573449OCLC: #54722526

いま、三菱商事がおもしろい : ナノテクからコンビニまで、価値創造戦略を担う挑戦者たちの物語 / 奥田耕士著 日刊工業新聞社, 2003 OCLC: #54645530

挑戦者、開拓者、改革者 : 三菱商事グループの最前線 / 田中憲造著 日経事業出版センター, 2004 OCLC: #56763976

Fundinguniverse.com History

Links

Report: Mitsubishi to sell electric car in U.S.

Gray whale defenders urge boycott against Mitsubishi

NDL OPAC- National Diet Library Online Public Access Catalog (国立国会図書館蔵書検索・申込システム)

Affiliates, North America

AGREX, Inc.

Aristech Acrylics Limited Liability Company

California Oils Corporation

Coilplus-Ohio Inc (Springfield, Clark County, Ohio)

Diamond Generating Corporation

Diamond Polymers, Inc. (Akron, Summit County, Ohio, U.S.A.)

Fullerene International Corporation

Indiana Packers Corporation

M.C. Aluminum America, Inc.

MAC Funding Corporation

Maumee Research and Engineering

MC Capital Inc.

MC Machinery Systems, Inc.

MC Realty, Inc.

MC Silicon Valley Inc.

MCC Development Corporation

MCX New Ventures, Ltd.

Metal One Holdings America, Inc.

Mitsubishi Canada Ltd (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada)

Mitsubishi Cement Corporation

Mitsubishi de Mexico S.A. de C.V. (Deleg Cuauhtemoc, D.F. Mexico)

Mitsubishi Automotive America, Inc. (Mason, Warren County, Ohio, U.S.A.)

Mitsubishi International Corporation (New York, New York, U.S.A.) established in 1954

Mitsubishi International Food Ingredients, Inc.

MSK DFW, Inc.

Petro-Diamond Inc.

TH FOODS, Inc.

TRILAND USA INC.

Works Cited:

1. James, Wanda "Driving from Japan: Japanese Cars in America" Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc, 2005. OCLC: 53388346 P. 29

2. "Mitsubishi Motors Corp" Funding Universe. 2007. <http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Mitsubishi-Motors-Corporation-Company-History.html>