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Tag: Knowledge Bank (page 1 of 2)

Open Access Week: Open Access Resources

As the 9th International Open Access Week comes to a close, we wanted to leave you with a detailed list of Open Access resources both on campus and beyond.

OSU Open Access Resources

The Knowledge Bank

The Knowledge Bank is OSU’s Institutional Repository. The Knowledge Bank is an Open Access repository that is available for OSU faculty, staff, and students to deposit their research and scholarship. Members of OSU’s community can deposit content such as: articles, monographs, reports, conference proceedings, posters, and, in some cases, supplemental data. The benefits of depositing your research and scholarship in the Knowledge Bank include: worldwide access, increased visibility, a permanent and stable URL, long-term preservation of content, and having your content indexed in major search engines such as Google, Google Scholar, and Bing. To learn more:

The Libraries’ Publishing Program

The Libraries Publishing Program works with faculty, students, and academic units at OSU to publish open access scholarly work in a variety of formats. They exist to fill a need in the OSU community for free or low-cost publication development and hosting, and serve as an alternative to working with a commercial publisher. These publishing services are free to members of the OSU community. As their mission is to provide open access to scholarship, all of the content published must be made freely available online, either immediately or after an embargo period. To learn more:

Copyright Resources Center

The Copyright Resources Center at OSU Libraries supports faculty, staff, and students by providing education and guidance on the application of copyright law to facilitate teaching, research, and scholarship. The Copyright Resources Center can help you understand the rights in your author agreement so that you know how you can share your work and how to use Creative Commons licenses to make your work more open. To learn more:

Other Resources

Open Access Week Website

The Open Access Week website is dedicated to promoting Open Access Week every year and connecting individuals who are passionate about Open Access. The website highlights the different ways that individuals are promoting Open Access across the world, runs an informative blog, and provides access to Open Access promotional resources.

Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)

SPARC works to enable the open sharing of research outputs and educational materials. Their motivations are to democratize access to knowledge, accelerate discovery, and increase the return on the investments in research and education. SPARC focuses on collaborative partnerships to promote Open Access as the default for research and education.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

The DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to peer-reviewed Open Access journals. DOAJ is a great starting point for searches for quality, peer-reviewed open access material. Journals that are indexed by the DOAJ must fill out an application and meet certain criteria related to transparency of journal processes and policies as well as technical best practices and infrastructure.

Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA)

OASPA’s mission is to represent the interests of Open Access journal and book publishers globally in all scientific, technical, and scholarly disciplines. Their mission is carried out through exchanging information, setting standards, and promoting Open Access publishers that adhere to best practices in scholarly publishing. OASPA is a great resource when looking for reputable Open Access publishers.

Open Access Directory

The Open Access Directory is a collection of lists and resources about Open Access maintained by the broader Open Access community. The Open Access Directory is a great starting point for anyone who wants to really learn more about Open Access and look into additional resources.

Open Access Overview

This overview of Open Access by Peter Suber is a well-known resource that goes into more detail than our blog post on Tuesday, while still being easy to read. Additionally, this blog post is organized in a way that lets the reader skip around to the sections they might find most relevant to their own Open Access interests.

Open Access Week: Open Access Basics

This is the second post in a series that celebrates International Open Access Week 2016 and covers some Open Access basics. This blog post will review some of the basic principles behind Open Access, the benefits of making your work Open Access and how to do so, and finally will cover some common myths or misconceptions about Open Access. The end of this blog lists some fantastic resources for those of you who want to delve even further into these exciting topics. Additionally, there is a great workshop today from 11:00am to 12:30pm in the Research Commons titled “Open Access: Know Your Rights, Share Your Research” if you would like some more information.


Open Access is a movement that supports free and immediate access to research and means that content is online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. This definition is adapted from the Budapest Open Access Initiative.

The Open Access movement has been around for over a decade and there are several different ways that people have defined the idea of openness for scholarly content. Some terms that you might come across in definitions are gratis or libre and green or gold. Each of these terms defines a different aspect of Open Access, so let’s take a minute to dissect them.

First let’s start with gratis and libre as different definitions of what Open Access means.

  • Gratis: the content is open and free to read without any financial restrictions, which means the content is not behind a paywall, and is available to anyone in the world who has access to an internet connection.
  • Libre: the content is not only open and free to read but it is also openly licensed, which gives others the ability to use and reuse the content in specified ways and to build upon the work. This is most commonly achieved with the application of Creative Commons licenses. Look for another post on Wednesday to learn more about Creative Commons.

Now that you know the different broad definitions of Open Access we can move on to the terms green and gold which refer to different methods of making your work Open Access.

  • Green: depositing scholarship in an open access archive or repository, often used with content that was originally published behind a paywall. Repositories can be organized by discipline such as arXiv for physics or by institution such as OSU’s Institutional Repository the Knowledge Bank.
  • Gold: publishing scholarship in an open access publication is exactly like publishing in a traditional subscription-based publication, with the only difference being that the content is freely available from the date of publication.


So now that you know a bit more about the different styles and vehicles of delivering open access content you might be wondering why you would want to make your work Open Access. I am going to break this down into three separate categories of benefits: 1) benefit to you as the creator of the content, 2) benefit to others, and 3) benefits to scholarship.

Benefits to you as the creator
If your work is openly accessible you may realize some of the following benefits:

  • More readers
  • More collaborators
  • More citations

Benefits to the broader community

  • Access to latest research for colleagues and interested public
  • Removes barriers to researchers at institutions that can’t afford subscriptions
  • Removes barriers to researchers in other countries

Benefits to scholarship

  • Research advances when it is shared, discussed, replicated, and built upon. Openly accessible – and especially openly licensed (libre) content – can be used in a variety of ways by researchers, including text mining and other forms of computational analysis.

OA Myths and Misconceptions

Misconception 1: All open access journals charge fees

Clarification 1: While author charges vary widely by discipline, approximately 65-70% of journals indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journals do not charge fees. Look for the blog post on Thursday that will expand on this common misconception and some great ways to find OA journals you might be interested in submitting your work to.

Misconception 2: Open access content is not peer reviewed

Clarification 2: This common misconception arises from the confusion surrounding the difference between green and gold open access.

Gold Open Access journals are produced in the same ways as their subscription-access counterparts. As with subscription journals, the quality of the journal and the rigor of the peer review process varies from journal to journal, so you always want to look carefully at any publication you are considering submitting to. Look for Thursday’s post for some resources for finding and evaluating gold Open Access journals.

For green Open Access content there are three major stages of a manuscript that an author may be allowed to make openly available, depending on what their publisher allows. These major stages are:

  • the submitted manuscript prior to peer review
  • the final accepted manuscript that has been peer reviewed
  • the publisher’s final PDF

Therefore, some green Open Access content, such as preprints shared through arXiv, has not yet been through peer review, so make sure to be aware of what version of an article you are looking at.


So I hope that this blog post has sparked your interest in Open Access and how to make the most of it as a researcher and as a consumer of knowledge. There are so many great resources out there and I have listed some below:

Getting to Know the Research Commons: March 2015

It’s time for another post in our “Getting to Know the Research Commons” monthly blog series, where we feature one of the people or offices partnering with us to provide services and resources in support of Ohio State researchers.

In March, our featured expert is Maureen Walsh, Ohio State’s Institutional Repository Services Librarian.

Maureen WalshJosh: What is the Knowledge Bank, and what types of services do you offer to researchers at Ohio State?

Maureen: The Knowledge Bank is The Ohio State University’s institutional repository. The Knowledge Bank collects, preserves, and makes openly available the digital intellectual output of the university. Faculty, staff, and students are invited to deposit their research and scholarship. Departments, administrative units, programs, and centers are invited to use the Knowledge Bank to distribute their working papers, technical reports, conference proceedings, and other research material. Our services include consulting on archiving and Open Access related topics, collaborating with researchers to organize and describe collections for the Knowledge Bank, providing persistent URLs and long-term preservation of content, and submission assistance.

Josh: This year is the 10th anniversary of the Knowledge Bank. How has the Knowledge Bank grown as a resource for Ohio State scholars over the last 10 years?

Maureen: We have been very fortunate to have worked with many great partners across campus during the past 10 years. In 2005, we had 12 partners and 247 items in the Knowledge Bank. Today we have over 60,000 items in the Knowledge Bank representing the content of over 90 partners. In the past year, over 150 collections and 6,000 new items were added to the Knowledge Bank including posters from the Denman Undergraduate Research Forum, winning papers from the Hayes Graduate Research Forum, issues of the Ohio State Law Journal, prints by Sidney Chafetz, undergraduate honors theses, Midwest Slavic Conference papers, sheet music from the Sims Collection, Geodetic Science reports, oral histories from the Voices of Women project, and OARDC research bulletins.

Josh: What are the most common questions or concerns that you encounter from researchers? What advice and assistance do you normally offer in these situations?

Maureen: One area where we often encounter questions is around author’s rights, or the rights necessary to make content openly available. While we often can provide assistance, we also partner with the Libraries’ Copyright Resources Center to provide researchers with answers to their author’s rights questions.

Josh: Beyond long-term preservation of their scholarship, what other benefits does the Knowledge Bank offer to researchers?

Maureen: Researchers who archive their scholarship in the Knowledge Bank are also making their research available to anyone in the world via the internet. In addition to broadly disseminating Ohio State research and scholarship, Open Access to research and scholarship can have a positive impact on citation rates. While the Knowledge Bank software itself has robust search and browse features, the content in the Knowledge Bank is also indexed by search engines, including Google and Google Scholar, increasing the discoverability of archived scholarship. For authors and partners with content in the repository, the Knowledge Bank also offers statistical reporting features including number of file downloads and countries with the most downloads.

Josh: Why are you excited to be partnering with the Research Commons? How do you think this partnership might enhance the services you provide to the Ohio State research community?

Maureen: We are very excited to have the Knowledge Bank as a service offered via the Research Commons. Collaborating with the Research Commons and its many partners gives us new ways to reach researchers who may benefit from our services – including the Research Commons workshops that pair the Knowledge Bank with complementary services offered by other partners. We look forward to many successful referrals from the Research Commons and an increase in the scale and scope of Ohio State scholarship made openly available through the Knowledge Bank.

For more information about the services provided by Maureen, or to contact her directly, visit her Knowledge Bank experts page.

Celebrate Open Access Week with the Research Commons

Open Access Week (Oct. 20-26, 2014) is an international event that calls on the academic and research communities to discuss and explore the potential benefits of Open Access publishing and to join the Open Access movement to make scholarly resources more freely available and maximize research impact.

Open Access – “the free, immediate, online access to the results of scholarly research, and the right to use and re-use those results as you need” – can transform the way that researchers conduct and publish their work, as well as make their work accessible to a broader and more diverse audience inside and outside of academia.

So, what kinds of resources and services exist at Ohio State to assist faculty and students in opening access to their research?

The Copyright Resources Center supports researchers through education and guidance on the application of copyright law to their scholarly output and other original works of authorship. The Copyright Resources Center provides information on author’s rights, things to consider when transferring rights to a publisher, and negotiating to retain the rights researchers want or need, such as the right to make their work available as Open Access if they so choose.

The Libraries Publishing Program works with researchers to publish Open Access scholarly work in a variety of formats and provides authors with an alternative to working with commercial publishers. The Libraries Publishing Program offers development and hosting services for publishing Open Access journals and conference proceedings, as well as an Editor’s Group that serves as an interdisciplinary forum for discussing common issues in journal publishing.

The Knowledge Bank is Ohio State’s Open Access institutional repository. Researchers affiliated with the university are invited to deposit digital materials, such as journal articles and authors’ manuscripts, working papers, conference presentations, and technical reports. The Knowledge Bank provides a venue for long-term preservation of digital content, access to OSU’s digital scholarship for researchers anywhere in the world, and support for compliance with the Public Access mandates of federal funding agencies.

In addition to the services listed above, the Libraries will be launching an Open Access Fund for OSU authors on October 20, 2014. The Open Access Fund for OSU Authors will help support Open Access article processing charges for OSU faculty, staff, and enrolled students publishing peer-reviewed articles in eligible Open Access journals. The Fund is a pilot project jointly funded by University Libraries and the Health Sciences Library. For more information, please visit the fund website:

The Research Commons is partnering with all of these units, the Copyright Resources Center, Libraries Publishing Program, and Knowledge Bank, to enable and support the work of Ohio State researchers. To celebrate Open Access Week this year, we are hosting two workshops open to faculty, postdocs, graduates, and undergraduates:

Tuesday, Oct. 21 – Fair Use and You: Copyright Considerations for Writing Theses and Dissertations

Friday, Oct. 24 – Opening Access to Your Research: Strategies for Digital Scholarship

DOE Panel Discusses Policy Implications for Publishing and Data Management

“The Libraries is here to help our campus partners navigate plans as they come out and help support compliance.” This statement by Maureen Walsh, Ohio State’s Institutional Repository Services Librarian, perfectly articulates the idea behind the Research Commons first fall semester event, a panel discussion about the Department of Energy’s (DOE) recently released public access plan.

Released on July 24, 2014, the DOE public access plan mandates new article submission requirements that go into effect today, October 1, 2014. In addition, a subset of funding proposals – those submitted to the Office of Science – also require a data management plan to be included as of today. This data management plan requirement will be extended to all DOE funding proposals one year from now, on October 1, 2015. For additional details, see the September 3 post from Amanda Rinehart, our Data Management Services Librarian.

The early portion of the panel discussion focused on ensuring compliance with the new article submission requirements for those receiving DOE funding. “I would recommend that DOE authors always try to submit their final, peer-reviewed author’s manuscript to the Knowledge Bank,” stated Maureen Walsh, who oversees Ohio State’s open access institutional repository. Sandra Enimil, Head of the Libraries’ Copyright Resources Center, was also on hand to answer any copyright concerns that arose among those in attendance.


Our panelists (from left): John Heimaster, Maureen Walsh, Andrea Ward-Ross, and Jennifer Yucel

The discussion soon shifted toward how changes to the DOE’s data management plan requirements would impact researchers. Andrea Ward-Ross, Assistant Dean of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, echoed the sentiments of a faculty member in attendance when stating that “[i]t frightens people to think about their data being released […] to someone who doesn’t know how to interpret [it].”

Fortunately, there are tools and services available to Ohio State researchers that can address their concerns about data management and sharing. “While the government wants us to share data that’s generated using public funds, they also give us the ability to protect our intellectual property,” noted Jennifer Yucel, Director and Research Integrity Officer for the Office of Research Compliance. “If you get a request and there are legitimate reasons for us not to release the data, we can certainly do that.”

These kinds of issues highlight the importance of adequately planning for data management in the early stages of a project, allowing researchers to be proactive rather than reactive. In regards to the recent and pending releases of data management plan requirements, John Heimaster, Chair of the Research Computing Committee and Director of Scientific Computing for the Department of Physics, stated that “We have to be able to put together plans that make sense to us and make sense to the agencies, and we have to see how review panels are addressing this.”

This planning process can be greatly aided by the use of the DMPTool, which is being customized for Ohio State researchers through a joint effort by the University Libraries and the Office of Research. Researchers can log in using Shibboleth and gain access to data management plan templates for most funding agencies that require them, making life easier for prospective grantees and helping to ensure compliance with funding agency mandates.

With similar public access and data management planning mandates on the horizon for various other federal funding agencies, the conversation in this area will only continue to grow. The Research Commons will work to host more events like this one and to disseminate relevant information to keep researchers up-to-date with the latest developments that could impact their work.

To see the full list of Research Commons workshops planned for the fall semester and to register to attend, visit our Events page.

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