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A link to Portfolio 5: photographs & comments

The Iconic Region: Fuji and Hakone
This portfolio contains a number of pictures taken in what we might call the "iconic district" of Japan: the great volcanic mountain---Fuji---and its accompanying lakes. These pictures represent the scenery of the Fuji area at its all-time best. Today the influx of tourists, both Japanese and foreign, have resulted in the over-building and cheapening of views. This entire region is the center of tourism and nostalgic remembrance for eastern Japan---it is where many famous battles and other events in the history of national consolidation took place. Its geographic imagery is reproduced in countless works of art. I have included a variety of pictures of Fuji itself, and the famous Lake Hakone and its shrine.

A link to Portfolio 6: photographs, journal extract, and comments

Traditional Architecture
In the course of "cultural explorations" I managed to take pictures of a great many buildings and places associated with the "Old Japan;" that is, structures which were built in the old days, as far back as a millennium---or more recently--but with traditional methods and materials. By the late 1940s, even downtown Tokyo buildings that went up in the early 1920s looked old---in part because of the war and lack of maintenance, or because the methods of construction and ornamentation were a generation or so behind the times from Western standards. At any rate, from shrines and temples, to holy edifices echoing the distant, mythological past, here are some buildings that contributed to the education of things Japanese for an Occupationaire.

Includes a journal extract.

A link to Portfolio 7: photographs, journal extract, and comments

Festivals and Gatherings
The pictures in this Portfolio concern the behavior of groups in secular and ceremonial circumstances. If there is a major common theme, it is the relative formality and symmetry of these occasions--a basic orderliness of posture which possibly reflects the many formalities and rituals of the social system.

Includes a journal extract.

A link to Portfolio 8: photographs & comments

Farming and Rural Crafts
This portfolio has two unrelated sets of pictures taken during rural field excursions. The farming pictures were made shortly after my arrival, when the so-called "Raper Study" was being edited. The second set of pictures concerns the craft of folkpottery, and these pictures were mostly taken on field trips to the village of Mashiko, northwest of Tokyo, explicitly to observe this traditional craft, and also to photograph the potter Sakuma, pictures of whose studio, kilns, and portraits appear in this portfolio.

A link to Portfolio 9: photographs, journal extract, and comments

The North: Hokkaido and the Ainu
The principal research activity developed by the PO&SR Division in 1948 and early 1949 consisted of preparations for a major attitude survey to be done on a national sample, of conceptions of what at the time was called the "population problem." This "problem" was based on discussions by Japanese and also SCAP people of precisely how Japan was to manage her growing population now that territorial expansion was barred as a consequence of defeat. Clearly contraception and abortion were part of the issue, and questions pertaining to these methods of controlling growth were prominent in the staff thinking and in the draft questionnaires.

The Hokkaido and Ainu regions were visited to conduct part of the survey.

Includes a journal extract.

A link to Portfolio 10: photographs & comments

This portfolio, like some of the others, was compiled from photos taken by the author on various field trips associated with research on villages, and especially, the coastal communities specializing in fisheries. But there was another issue--the economic revival getting under way in the late 1940s, which showed itself vigorously in some of the resort communities, which were constructing new hotels and other recreational facilities.