Tokyo: Views of the City
Tokyo had been fire-bombed and was beginning to rebuild, with many of the initial structures resembling the prewar versions, but with the intention of replacing them as soon as possible with improved, more fire-resistant materials. Large portions of Tokyo were leveled, but many of the prewar masonry structures in the downtown--and the Imperial Palace premises--were largely intact, though some what dilapidated.
Tokyo's Commercial Resurgence
The pictures in this portfolio illustrate the early, grass-roots revival from what amounted to an economic depression; the successful efforts of the retail and the service sectors of the economy to regain their significance in the large cities---in the case of these pictures, Tokyo.
Children in the Park
The Japanese love to take their children on excursions--or at least they started to resume the habit in the late Occupation period when I took the pictures in this portfolio. The pictures have other implications: there is evidence in them that fathers are taking a more active role with young children, and there is also evidence that the children themselves are more adventurous. However, there remains the tendency for older siblings to take charge of younger.
Women of the Night
Japan was famous for its tolerant attitude toward female employment related to sex, and some Occupation authorities spent considerable time and effort discouraging GIs from engaging the various services. Toward the end of the Occupation pressure began to build for a policy encouraging the Japanese to outlaw all prostitution, and our PO&SR Division was ordered to conduct a stratified national sample survey of the attitudes of the population toward prostitution. We constructed interview schedules with the assistance of our chief arm in the Japanese government, the Prime Minister's National Public Opinion Research Institute. The results of the survey indicated that while the women were mostly critical of prostitution, and resented their men using the facilities, men were much less concerned, and in any event, there was no strong feeling in either gender that prostitution was a grave moral issue. The survey confirmed what Ruth Benedict and any student of Japanese culture have pointed out, that Japanese people, lacking a strict universal religious morality, tend to judge things as good or bad depending on situations and consequences.
Includes 2 journal extracts.