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My research colleagues in the Public Opinion and Sociological Research Division (PO&SR), Supreme Commander Allied Powers (SCAP, the official name of the Japan Occupation), made all this possible, especially the following: Masako Inugai, Eiichiro Ishida, Iwao Ishino, Takeyoshi Kawashima, Eizo Koyama, Kazuo Matsumiya, Cynthia Mazo, Hiroshi Mizuno, Kunio Odaka, George Saito, Shinichi Shiina, Keigo Seki, Toshimi Takeuchi, Tamie Tsuchiyama, Keizo Yoneyama, James T. Thayer, Herbert Passin (who was my most important stimulus for coming to Japan), David L. Sills, and John Pelzel *, chief from the very beginning.

The Ohio State University, from 1952 to about 1955, provided the facilities needed for continuing our Japan research and write-ups. This project, entitled "Research in Japan Social Relations," with a staff consisting of Iwao Ishino, Michio Nagai, and myself, produced a number of monographs and at least one book in the course of working up the data acquired during the research of the PO&SR division in the Japan Occuptation. Bibliographic references to some of this material will be found at the end of this book. The Office of Naval Research provided grants for this purpose. All negatives and slides are now the property of the Ohio State University Libraries.

The Washington University Department of Anthropology and the Washington University Libraries provided some facilities for the compilation and work-up of the materials for the manuscript. Victoria Whitte, former director of information services at the Library during the inception and early phases of the project was an indispensable friend and supporter of our work. Glenn Stone, my colleague in the Department of Anthropology, Washington University, encouraged me to collect and compile the photographs, which form the illustrations for this manuscript.

Curators Richard Mitchell, of the University of Missouri at St. Louis, and his wife, Yoshiko Mitchell, read and corrected the introductions of each portfolio of photographs and the explanations accompanying the photographs. The entire manuscript was also read and corrected by Maureen Donovan, Japanese Librarian at The Ohio State University Libraries, and by my son, John M. Bennett, Curator of the Avant Writing Collection at the same library.

Special acknowledgements.

My wife, Kathryn, carefully preserved the writings and scribblings, which, in the form of letters home, provided most of the selections called "Journal Extracts" in the manuscript.

Herbert Passin was more responsible for my presence in Japan than anyone else. As the reader will note later, Herb and I jointly participated in a number of research related activities before the episode in Japan. It is Herb who insisted that I accompany him to Japan to participate in Occupation research, which eventually I did. When I arrived he was running the show in PO&SR, and laying the groundwork for the research, of which I then began to take charge. Herb's insights and knowledge were absolutely indispensable in planning and conducting research assigned to the Division. Without him there would have been no PO&SR division nor would it have been possible for me to function as Chief. During the planning and compilation of this book Herb and I had numerous telephone conversations, which provided indispensable information and memories. Herb also provided some notes that are included as footnotes, before his death in early 2003.


* John Pelzel was the first head of the Public Opinion Unit. Aside from a secretary or two, I don't believe he had a staff. I was called to take over the Unit in about May 1946; John shortly thereafter left to return to Harvard. His return to Japan was about two years later, when he came to carry out a private project--his language study. It was not a CIE project, and he was not a member of our organization. But since he was a friend of Nugent (he had been a Major in the Marine Corps), Nugent arranged space for him and the project within CIE facilities. (By that time, the Public Opinion Unit was no longer a Unit but the Public Opinion and Sociological Research Division, with a sizeable staff.) -- comment by Herbert Passin.