Survival of the Fitness: Mathematical Activity as a Union of Content and Process

Nat Banting


Guided by an unexpected trigonometric argument offered by a student, this article proposes an evolutionary metaphor of fittest versus fitness as a way to envision mathematical activity that honors the intent of standards documents that include both process and content standards.

Full Text:



Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an ecology of mind. New York, NY: Ballantine Books.

National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers. (2010). Common core state standards for mathematics. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from

Ohio Department of Education (2017). Ohio’s learning standards, mathematics. Retrieved from


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Nat Banting

The Ohio Journal of School Mathematics is published by the Ohio Council of Teachers of Mathematics and hosted by The Ohio State University Libraries.

If you encounter problems with the site or have comments to offer, including any access difficulty due to incompatibility with adaptive technology, please contact

ISSN 2472-5986 (print)
ISSN 2472-601X (online)