...bibliographic notes about manga...

Author: Chihiro Hosoi

Chihayahuru (ちはやふる) and Karuta Card Games

Selected covers of Chihayafuru(ちはやふる)v.1-31

Selected covers of Chihayafuru(ちはやふる)v.1-31

Chihayahuru (ちはやふる) is a manga series illustrated by Yuki Suetsugu (末次由紀). Because it features a girl who plays Karuta, the series Chihayahuru can play an important role in introducing Karuta to people beyond Japan.

Karuta (かるた or カルタ), a traditional card game in Japan, has been played since the Genroku period (1688-1704). There are a several types of Karuta – Iroha Karuta, Uta Karuta, and Kyodo Karuta, to name a few. Each type of Karuta is based on a different theme. For example, Iroha Karuta is based on proverbs, and each card starts with a different Hiragana character. Since Iroha Karuta were created before the standard order of Hiragana was changed after WWII, these cards follow the pre-war order of hiragana. Karuta games are usually played for fun, but they are also used pedagogically to teach children Japanese letters.

Karuta is a simple and fun game and it is a good opportunity to learn about Japanese culture. For information on how to play Karuta, offers detailed English instructions.

To learn more about Karuta, check out the following Japanese language books in OSUL:

  • Iwanami Iroha Karuta Jiten  (岩波いろはカルタ辞典) by Tokita Masamizu (2004 Iwanami Shoten)- a dictionary of Iroha Karuta. It explains the metaphor of the poems and include sample images of the Karuta cards.
  • Edo no Yūgi (江戸の遊戯) by Namiki Seishi (2007 Seigensha) – introduces kaiawase(貝合わせ) and sugoroku (すごろく). Kaiawase was very similar to Karuta except instead of playing cards, Kaiawase used elaborately painted sea shells. Sugoroku is a game similar to “chutes and ladders” and was first played during the Edo period. The book also  explains the difference among various kinds of Karuta.




Recently Acquired Karuta Sets at Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum

OSUL recently acquired two sets of Karuta cards: Nonkidane Iroha Kokkei Karuta (ノンキダネイロハ滑稽カルタ) and Kyoka Karuta (狂歌かるた). These sets, along with many other rare manga items can be accessed by the public at The Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum. Contact them to schedule your visit to the reading room today:

First introduced by Portuguese traders to Japan in the 16th century, Karuta are a form of Japanese playing cards and are still popular today.

Photo of Kyoka Karuta (狂歌かるた)

Photo of the Kyoka Karuta (狂歌かるた)

The first set, Kyoka Karuta or Mad Poem card game, is a form of Uta Karuta, known for using Hyakunin isshu (百人一首), a collection of traditional waka (和歌) poems composed by one hundred different poets. Published in 1890, the Kyoka Karuta set originally had 200 cards in total. Our set, which is missing two cards, has a total of 198 cards: 100 poems cards and 98 miniature color-mounted comic woodblock prints cards. The poems appear in an older, pre- standardized form of Japanese writing. Since some of the characters have changed and are pronounced differently today, the poems may be a challenge for the uninitiated. The cards present a unique opportunity to learn about this precious form of Japanese poetry.

To learn more about Karuta and hyakunin isshu:

Photo of Nonkidane Karuta

Photo of the Nonkidane Iroha Kokkei Karuta (ノンキダネイロハ滑稽カルタ)

The second set of cards, Nonkidane Iroha Kokkei Karuta, was created before WWII and based on a character from Nonki na Tōsan (ノンキナトウサン), a popular four-panel or yonkoma (4コマ漫画) comic, by artist Yutaka Asō (麻生豊). First published in 1922, the series Nonki na Tōsan (Lazy Daddy) appeared in the Yūkan Houchi newspaper (夕刊報知新聞) and inspired movie productions by the same name in 1925 and 1946. The drawings of this Karuta set are humorous in nature, so players can enjoy them even if they do not know Japanese.

Other works from Yutaka Asō at OSUL include:

  • Seishun Jidai (青春時代) by Yutaka Asō  (1935 Tōkyō : Atoriesha, Shōwa 10)
  • Yome o sagashi ni (嫁を探しに) by Yutaka Asō (1929 Tōkyō : Gendai Yūmoa Zenshū Kankōkai, Shōwa 4)
  • Jinsei benkyō (人生勉強) by Yutaka Asō  (19–?)

For research on Nonki na Tōsan (Lazy Daddy), refer to:

NOTE: See the “Chihayahuru (ちはやふる) and Karuta Card Games” post for more information on Karuta.