Skip Navigation

The Ohio State University

  1. Help
  2. Campus map
  3. Find people
  4. Webmail

Ohio State University logo University Libraries arrow Technical Services Division header

The Ohio State University Libraries
Policies and Procedures
Technical Services

Title: OSU Knowledge Bank Metadata Application Profile
Creator: The The Ohio State University. Libraries. Scholarly Resources Integration Dept.
(614) 247-7462
Audience: OSU Libraries
Date Issued: 2004-6-18
Date Modified: 2011-11-10
Replaces: Not applicable
Is Replaced By: Not applicable
Latest Version: 1.0
Status of Document: This is an OSU Knowledge Bank recommendation.
Description of Document: This application profile recommends the implementation of a core set of metadata elements and Dublin Core Metadata Element Set mappings ( for use in projects in the OSU Knowledge Bank .

OSU Knowledge Bank Metadata Application Profile

Table of Contents

Introduction 3
Purpose 3
Background 4
Knowledge Bank Structure 4
Selection of Standards 4
Software 5
Snapshot of Knowledge Bank Element Set 6
General Input Guidelines 7
Elements 9
Element Documentation Format 10
Title 11
Creator 12
Contributor 13
Date 14
Description 15
Subject 16
Coverage 17
Language 18
Type 19
Publisher 20
Source 21
Rights 22
Relation 23
Format 24
Identifier 25
Knowledge Bank Input-Output Metadata Map 26
Knowledge Bank Core Element Set: Condensed View 28
Knowledge Bank Core Element Set: Grouped by Function 29


The Ohio State University Knowledge Bank (Knowledge Bank) includes the digital assets and information services available to or being created by OSU faculty, staff, and students. Contributors to the system, in addition to adding digital objects, will be required to contribute additional information about the digital objects called metadata. This document describes the necessary elements that comprise the set of metadata elements used in the Knowledge Bank.


The primary purpose of this document is to provide guidance to contributors in the metadata creation process and to improve both local and remote resource discovery. These guidelines were originally adapted from the OhioLINK Metadata Application Profile (MAP) and ensure the consistency required for effective access while also maintaining enough flexibility to accommodate a variety of collections.

The following pages contain the basic guidelines for creating Knowledge Bank metadata records for digital objects and the original resources from which they may be derived. Digital objects may include reformatted (digitized) photographs, text, audio, video, and three-dimensional artifacts as well as resources that are born digital such as honors theses or learning objects. Application of these best practices will result in standards-based records that:

  1. improve retrieval accuracy and resource discovery;
  2. facilitate multi-institutional interoperability and quality control;
  3. comply with the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting; and
  4. enable collection migration, import & export between the Knowledge Bank and other systems as necessary.

These guidelines will also provide a foundation for OSU Knowledge Bank training and consultation, and will serve as a reference for Knowledge Bank software enhancements and development. This document will need to evolve over time and it is suggested that a feedback mechanism and scheduled reviews be established.


The OhioLINK Data Management Standards Committee (DMSC) Metadata Task Force, a task force created by the DMSC in April 2003, prepared metadata guidelines for the consortium which were then adopted by DMSC. The Knowledge Bank Advisory Committee adopted the guidelines as the standard for the OSU Knowledge Bank in June 2004.

Knowledge Bank Structure

The Knowledge Bank captures, distributes and preserves OSU's digital resources. Here you can find articles, working papers, preprints, technical reports, conference papers and data sets in various digital formats. Content grows daily as new communities and collections are added to the Knowledge Bank. The Knowledge Bank content is mainly organized around Communities which correspond to OSU administrative entities such as schools, departments, labs and research centers. Within each community there can be an unlimited number of collections. Within each collection there can be an unlimited number of items. Each Community acts as a "sponsor" of the digital resources in its collections, or a digital publisher. For more information about the Knowledge Bank, please review the Frequently Asked Questions ( page.

Selection of Standards

Because of statewide developments in digital repositories, the Knowledge Bank would like to follow any statewide standards in use. Because Dublin Core (DC) is the basis for the statewide standard and supported by the Knowledge Bank software, the Knowledge Bank core element set is based the DC metadata scheme. It is the logical choice for the following reasons:

  1. It is the de-facto standard in the digital library community with a number of best practice documents written to guide implementation efforts.
  2. It is the metadata foundation on which the Open Archives Initiative is based, therefore it supports harvesting by external organizations.
  3. It enables widespread access across distributed collections of heterogeneous resources within the Knowledge Bank community.
  4. It supports the creation of resource descriptions that are easy to create and understand.
  5. It is extensible and flexible.

The resulting Knowledge Bank element set consists primarily of elements from Dublin Core and supplementary elements deemed necessary in this environment. Mapping to the Dublin Core is indicated for each individual element. Dublin Core definitions have been retained for those elements drawn directly from the DC element set. Any refinements have been made according to Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) principles. Use of qualifiers, if at all, for each element is described. Additional information and URLs are provided in the References section.

Extensibility of Metadata in the OSU Knowledge Bank

This metadata element set applies to all contributions to the OSU Knowledge Bank. The intent is not to provide an exhaustive set of elements covering every attribute of all possible entity types but to establish a common set of elements that support first and foremost resource discovery and only secondarily resource description. However, some contributions to the Knowledge Bank may require metadata elements not included in this set. From the Knowledge Bank 's inception and throughout its evolution we recognize the need to accommodate metadata that may be project or domain-specific (i.e. appropriate to a particular subject, discipline, or object type) and therefore NOT suitable across all collections. In support of this, all collections will use the CORE elements listed but will have additional elements specific to the project or domain that can be added as needed. OSU Knowledge Bank staff will work with contributors to determine the metadata requirements of the digital asset(s).


Contributors to the OSU Knowledge Bank will use DSpace software for uploading media data (images, audio, video, etc.) and for describing that data. This interface may evolve and include different features as appropriate (e.g. templates for commonly used pre-defined values). Instructions for accessing and using the Knowledge Bank system will be supplied to contributors.

Snapshot of Knowledge Bank Element Set

The following list provides an at-a-glance view of the OSU Knowledge Bank Core Element set in the same order as presented later in the document in detail. Mandatory elements appear in bold.

General Input Guidelines

Input guidelines are provided for all non-system supplied elements, including guidelines for commonly encountered anomalies or otherwise ambiguous situations. While it is impossible to anticipate all situations, every effort has been made to assist contributors in metadata creation. Recommended best practice is to select or establish content standards prior to project implementation and to apply them consistently across elements as appropriate. Examples of established content standards include: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2) and Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS). Select terms from controlled vocabularies, thesauri and heading lists; establish new terms and headings using the same standards. Employing terminology from these types of sources ensures consistency, reduces spelling errors and can improve the quality of search results. In some cases, this document refers to specific external content standards such as the date/time standard ISO 8601. Full citations for text-based standards or URLs for those that are Internet accessible are provided in the references.

  1. Qualifier(s). Some elements in the core set have refinements (or qualifiers) which more accurately describe the information contained in the field. For example, an identifier for an item could be a citation or URL (noted as identifier.citation and identifier.url, respectively). For elements with qualifiers, each available qualifier will be listed and defined on the element's page.
  2. Repeatable Values. Some elements such as "subject" will have more than one value. Those elements are called repeatable elements and allow multiple values. For these elements, the Knowledge Bank software will supply an "Add More" button on the submission screen. Clicking the button will create new blank entry fields for use.
  3. Names. Apply the same rules or guidelines to format names of creators, digital publishers, contributors, and names entered as subjects. If not following established rules such as Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2), then use these guidelines:
    1. Determine correct form of the name when possible. The Library of Congress Authority File ( or other locally specified bibliographic utility (OCLC, RLIN, etc.) should be consulted. If the name is not in a national or local list, use the name the person is most commonly known by.
    2. Enter personal names in the appropriately labeled input box in the Knowledge Bank: last name, first name and middle name, initial, or suffix. If it is not obvious how to invert or structure the name, use the form of the name given in an authority list or enter it as it would be in the country of origin. Birth and/or death dates, if known, can be added, in accordance with the authorized form of name.
    3. Enter group or organization names in full, direct form. In the case of a hierarchy, list the parts from the largest to smallest.
    4. If there is doubt as to how to enter a name and the form of name cannot be verified in an authority list, enter it as it appears and do not invert (Example: Sitting Bull).
  4. Dates. Enter dates in the appropriately labeled input box in the Knowledge Bank: choose a month, then enter a day and year (format: YYYY).
    1. In some cases, the required date for the Knowledge Bank will be generated by the system.
    2. When using a date field, only the year (format: YYYY) is required. More specific date information (i.e. month and day or month) may be required by a particular collection's metadata content standard.
    3. For non-date fields, follow these guidelines:
      1. For a range of dates in other fields (non-date fields), enter the dates on the same line, separating them with a space hyphen space (1910 - 1920)
      2. To show date is approximate in non-date fields, follow the date with a question mark (1890?)
      3. Input B.C.E. dates (200 B.C.E.) and time periods (Jurassic) as needed in non-date fields.
  5. Diacritics. Enter diacritics and other non-standard characters as needed. In general, Unicode is offered that will support any character on any platform.
  6. Other. Custom metadata services are available. Please contact the OSU Knowledge Bank at


The following section describes each element in detail, including how it is applied and specific guidelines for entering values. Each element occupies a single page. The "Element Documentation Format" is not an element itself, but rather a guide to the structure of each element page that includes instructive descriptions of the following items:

Element Documentation Format

Element Name:

The name given to the data element as it appears in the database. An element represents a single characteristic or property of a resource.

Definition: Specifies the type of information required for the named element. In most cases definitions are taken directly from the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set definitions []. Comments: appear in italics and may be included to provide additional information or clarification.

Obligation: Indicates whether or not a value must be entered. An obligation will be designated as one of the following:

  1. Mandatory means that a value must be entered even if it requires the creation of an arbitrary value.
  2. Required (if available) means that a value must be included if it is available.
  3. Optional means that it is not required to include a value for this element.

Occurrence: Indicates whether only a single value or multiple values can be used.

  1. Repeatable: If the occurrence is Repeatable, more than one value can be entered.
  2. Non-Repeatable: If the occurence is Non-Repeatable then only a single value can be used.

Qualifier(s): If applicable, indicates whether an element has refinements or not. If so, the qualifiers will be listed and defined below.

  1. [element name].[1st refinement]:   Definition of its use within the Knowledge Bank
  2. [element name].[2nd refinement]:  Definition of its use within the Knowledge Bank
  3. etc.

Recommended Schemes: Established lists of terms or classification codes from which a user can select when assigning values to an element in a database. There are two types of schemes: Vocabulary Encoding Schemes and Syntax Encoding Schemes. Vocabulary schemes are controlled vocabularies such as LCSH and other formal thesauri. Syntax schemes indicate that the value is a string formatted in accordance with a formal notation, such as "2000-01-01" as the standard expression of a date. See the list of recommended schemes included in the References.

Input Guidelines: Input Guidelines list common conventions and syntax rules used to guide the data entry process. In the case of system supplied values a brief explanation of the process will be provided. Examples:
Examples are provided to illustrate the types of values, conventions and syntax used for the element.

Maps to DC Element: Gives the Dublin Core element equivalent, if applicable.


Definition: A name given to a resource. Typically a title will be a name by which the resource is known. It may also be an identifying phrase or object name supplied by the holding institution.

Obligation: Mandatory
Occurrence: Non-Repeatable

title.alternative:  substitute or alternative names given to the resource

Recommended Schemes: None.

Input Guidelines:
  1. Identify and enter one Title element per resource according to the guidelines that follow.
  2. Transcribe title from the resource itself, such as book title, photograph caption, artist's title, object name, etc., using same punctuation that appears on the source.
  3. When no title is found on the resource itself, use a title assigned by the holding institution or found in reference sources. If title must be created, make the title as descriptive as possible, avoiding generic terms such as Papers or Annual report. Use punctuation appropriate for English writing.
  4. Capitalizing only the first letter of the first word of the title and of any proper names contained within the title is suggested.
  5. Consult established cataloging rules such as Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2) or Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS) for more information.
  1. Using metadata standards to support interoperability
  2. Is the academy ready for learning objects?
  3. Algal and Lemna populations continue to fluctuate seasonally and basin-to-basin in the Olentangy River Wetlands

Maps to DC Element: Title


Definition: Entity or entities primarily responsible for making the content of the resource. Examples of creator(s) include authors of written documents, artists, illustrators, photographers, collectors of natural specimens or artifacts, organizations that generate archival collections, etc.

Comments: Entities with a secondary role in the creation process should be entered under 'Contributor'.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

Recommended Schemes: Library of Congress Authority File.

Input Guidelines:
  1. Enter the name(s) of the creator(s) of the object. Construct names according to General Input Guidelines. Secondary authors, editors, etc. should be entered using the Contributor element.
  2. Leave the field blank if a creator cannot be determined.
  3. Repeat the names of creators in the subject element only if the object is also about the creator in some way. (Example: A record for a self portrait of Picasso would list Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 as both creator and subject; a record for a work by Picasso would list Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 only in the creator element).
  1. Pearl, Dennis K.
  2. Couch, Nena
  3. Anuchin, V. A.
  4. Bennett, Jennifer
  5. Girves, Jean Elizabeth, 1948-

Maps to DC Element: Creator


Definition: Entity or entities responsible for making contributions to the content of the resource. Those listed should be person(s) or organization(s) who made significant intellectual contributions to the resource but whose contribution is secondary to any person(s) or organization(s) already specified in a Creator element.

Comments: An entity with a primary role in the creation process should be entered under 'Creator'.

Obligation: Optional Occurrence: Repeatable

contributor.advisor:  person(s) or organization(s) who advised the creator on the content of the work  person(s) or organization(s) who contributed authorship to the work
contributor.editor:  person(s) or organization(s) who edited content of the work
contributor.illustrator:  person(s) or organization(s) who illustrated the work
contributor.other:  person(s) or organization(s) who contributed to the content of the work in any other manner

Recommended Schemes: Library of Congress Authority File

Input Guidelines:
  1. Construct names according to General Input Guidelines.
  1. Astier, Pierre A. G.
  2. Baker, Geoffrey, 1973-
  3. Blocker, Jack S.
  4. Gilliom, M. Eugene
  5. Shoemaker, Brian

Maps to DC Element: Contributor


Definition: Creation or modification date(s) for the digital resource or for the original object from which the digital object was derived.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

date.accessioned: date that the resource accessioned into the system (auto assigned)
date.available: date that resource was made publicly available in the Knowledge Bank (auto assigned)
date.copyright: date that the resource was copyrighted
date.created: date the digital resource or original work was created
date.issued: date the digital resource was issued by publishing entity
date.submitted: date the resource was submitted to the Knowledge Bank

Use Schema: ISO 8601

Input Guidelines:
  1. A resource may have several associated dates, including creation date, copyright date, etc. Enter dates according to General Input Guidelines.
  1. 1965-05-04
  2. 1988
  3. 1969-07

Maps to DC Element: Date


Definition: An account of the resource. Description may include but is not limited to: an abstract, a table of contents, or a free-text account of the resource. Comments: Use other, more specific elements where applicable.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

description.abstract: abstract or summary of the resource
description.embargo: statement detailing the length of time an item was delayed from dissemination in the Knowledge Bank
description.provenance: account of the technical, revision, and/or custodial history of the resource
description.sponsorship: declaration of an entity or entities that sponsored the creation of the resource
description.statementofresponsibility: identification of entity or entities who created or contributed to resource
description.tableofcontents: listing of contents of the resource
description.uri: Internet address of an alternate, supplemental, or only description of the resource

Recommended Schemes: None.

Input Guidelines:
  1. Enter descriptive text, remarks, and comments about the object. This information can be taken from the object, repository records, or other sources.
  2. Enter here specialized information not included in other elements such as provenance, distinguishing features, inscriptions, the nature of the language of the resource, and/or history of the work.
  3. Use punctuation necessary to make entry clear and easy to read.
  1. Looking north with the Ballcourt in the foreground and Temple I in the background
  2. Contents: Dear Friends; $3.85 Million Cohen Foundation Gift Supports Library Renovation, Diversity Lecture; Thomas Nast: A Celebration of His Contribution to American Culture; OSU Authors Present; Renovation Update for the Thompson (Main) Library; Libraries welcome new Library Campaign Director; Ohio State Pioneers Oral History DVD; Thurber Collection Benefits from Save America's Treasures Grant; Friends Award 2002 Rudolph Student Book Collector Contest Scholarships; Calendar of Events.
  3. Sanduskians eagerly watched George Bing as he made adjustments to his engine during a test flight on the Sandusky Bay ice. Bing's design resembled that of the Hudson flier Glenn Curtiss had flown successfully from Euclid Beach to Cedar Point, Ohio, in 1910. However, Bing believed he had incorporated new and important safety features in his biplane. Safety was an important component if a regular air mail route between Sandusky, Ohio, and Kelley's Island were to be established.
  4. In German and English, in parallel columns.
  5. Author affiliation: The Ohio State University

Maps to DC Element: Description


Definition: A topic of the resource. Typically, Subject will be expressed as keywords. Thesaurus terms, classification codes, or controlled vocabulary terms or names that describe a topic of the resource are used with the appropriate qualifiers. Comments: Use coverage.spatial (geographic subject) and coverage.temporal (time period)to note specific geographic subjects or time periods.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

subject.ddc: used for Dewey Decimal Classification terms
subject.lcc: used for Library of Congress Classification terms
subject.lcsh: used for Library of Congress Subject Heading terms giving item level subject access
subject.mesh: used for Medical Subject Headings terms
subject.nalt: used for National Agricultural Library Agricultural Thesaurus
subject.other: used for terms from local controlled lists giving collection level subject access

Recommended Schemes: It is strongly recommended that subject words and phrases come from established thesauri or discipline-related word lists, e.g. LCSH, Mesh, TGM, or from locally developed term lists.

Input Guidelines:
  1. Determine subject terms using the resource itself, including title and description. Use words or phrases from established thesauri or construct new subject terms following the rules of an established thesaurus if available terms do not adequately describe content of resource. Construct names according to General Input Guidelines.
  2. Subjects may be personal or organization names as well as topics, places, genres, forms, and events. Subject elements may describe not only what the object is, but also what the object is about.
  3. Repeat the names of creators in the subject element only if the object is also about the creator in some way. (Example: A record for a self portrait of Picasso would list Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 as both creator and subject; a record for a work by Picasso would list Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973 only in the creator element).
  1. information literacy
  2. Promotion and tenure
  3. Marie Byrd Land
  4. Nicotine dependence
  5. Virtual Reality

Maps to DC Element: Subject


Definition: Describes the intellectual content of the resource, in relation to time and space. This element is only used with the two qualifiers listed below. Comments: Multiple places and physical regions may be associated with the intellectual content of a resource. temporal.coverage is not necessarily the publication date or creation date.

Obligation: Optional
Occurrence: Repeatable

coverage.spatial: refers to the location(s) covered by the intellectual content of the resource.
coverage.temporal: refers to the time period(s) covered by the intellectual content of the resource.

Recommended Schemes: TGN (Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names ), Library of Congress Authority File, Library of Congress Subject Headings, Local Terms

Input Guidelines:
  1. If using place names, select terms from a controlled vocabulary or thesaurus.
  1. Alaska
  2. Columbus (Ohio)
  3. 18th Century
  4. Middle Ages
  5. 1990 - 2000

Maps to DC Element: Coverage


Definition: A language of the resource. This element is only used with the qualifier below. Comments: Images do not usually have a language unless there is significant text in a caption or in the image itself, and would therefore not be coded for language.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

language.iso: ISO639-2 code for languages

Recommended Schemes: None

Input Guidelines:
  1. Select term(s) from list provided in submission form.
  2. If language is not in the list, select "Other."
  3. If the resource does not have a language (i.e. a photograph), select "N/A."
  4. A textual description of the nature of the language may also be included in the Description element. (Example: In German and English, in parallel columns).
  1. English (United States)
      stored as
  2. German
      stored as
  3. Japanese
      stored as

Maps to DC Element: Language


Definition: The manifestation of the content of the digital resource.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

Recommended Schemes: None

Input Guidelines:
  1. Select term(s) from list provided in submission form.
  2. If the "Type" of material you have is not listed, select "Other."
  3. Please send suggestions for new type values to
  1. Transcript
  2. Application
  3. Software
  4. Thesis

Maps to DC Element: Type


Definition: An entity responsible for making the resource available. Examples of a publisher include a university, college department, corporate body, publishing house, museum, historical society, project, repository, etc. who provide the digital object to OSU Knowledge Bank, as well as the entity that digitized the object.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

Recommended Schemes: Library of Congress Name Authority File

Input Guidelines:
  1. Construct names according to General Input Guidelines.
  2. If the publisher is the same as the creator or contributor, enter the name or entity in both elements.
  1. Ohio Academy of Science
  2. Ohio State University. Agricultural Finance Program
  3. Ohio State University. College of the Arts
  4. Ohio State University. Libraries

Maps to DC Element: Publisher


Definition: A reference to a resource from which the present resource is derived. Comments: The present resource may be derived from the Source resource in whole or in part. Recommended best practice is to reference the Source resource by means of a string or number conforming to a formal identification system. Use only when the described resource is the result of digitization of non-digital originals. Otherwise, use Relation.

Obligation: Optional
Occurrence: Repeatable

source.uri: location of the source or record for the source of the digital resource being described.

Recommended Schemes: None

Input Guidelines:
  1. Use values consistently.
  2. Where applicable, use a discipline specific authority file or controlled vocabulary.
  1. 35 mm Negative
  2. 4" x 5" Transparency
  3. VHS

Maps to DC Element: Source


Definition: Information about rights held in and over the resource. Comments: Typically, rights information includes a statement about various property rights associated with the resource, including intellectual property rights. The Knowledge Bank has been granted non-exclusive rights to reproduce, translate, and/or distribute each digital resource for preservation purposes and inclusion in the Knowledge Bank. Comments: A Creative Commons license may also be assigned to a digital resource to govern use of a work stored in the Knowledge Bank.

Obligation: Optional
Occurrence: Repeatable

rights.uri: uri that contains information regarding the rights over the resource

Recommended Schemes: None

Input Guidelines:
  1. Enter a textual statement and/or URL pointing to a use and access rights statement for digital resources on the Internet.
  2. This statement may be a general rights statement for the institution, for the whole collection, or a specific statement for each resource.
  3. The statement may be general, providing contact information, or specific, including the name of the rights holder.
  1. Copyright 1999 Ohio State University
  2. U.S. and international copyright laws protect this digital image. Commercial use or distribution of the image is not permitted without prior permission of the copyright holder.
  3. Please contact for permission to use the digital image.

Maps to DC Element: Rights


Definition: Name or other information for other objects or group of objects to which the resource is related.

Obligation: Optional
Occurrence: Repeatable

relation.haspart: identification of physically or logically related portions of the digital resource
relation.hasversion: identification of a version, edition, or adaptation of the resource
relation.isbasedon: identification of a version of a work from which the digital resource is derived
relation.isformatof: identification of another format in which the digital resource is available
relation.ispartof: identification of referenced work for which the digital resource is a physical or logical part
relation.ispartofseries: identification of series to which the digital resource belongs
relation.isreferencedby: identification of a work that references the digital resource
relation.isreplacedby: identification of a work that replaces the digital resource
relation.isversionof: identification of a work that is a version of the digital resource
relation.replaces: identification of a work that is replaced by the digital resource
relation.requires: identification of a work that is required by the digital resource
relation.uri: location that supplies relational information about the digital resource

Recommended Schemes: None

Input Guidelines:
  1. Enter name of collection to which the resource belongs. Include sufficient information to enable users to identify, cite, and locate or link to the related resources.
  1. Annual reports (Olentangy River Wetland Research Park)
  2. OSUL Faculty and Research Publications
  3. Learning Objects Research Collection

Maps to DC Element: Relation


Definition: The file format, physical medium, or dimensions of the digital resource. Examples of dimensions include size and duration. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the list of Internet Media Types [MIME]. While many file types are recognized, some but not all are supported. Please contact the Knowledge Bank staff ( if you have any questions or concerns about a file type you are using.

Obligation: Optional
Occurrence: Repeatable

format.extent: The size or duration of the resource
format.medium: The material or physical carrier of the resource
format.mimetype: Internet Media Type of the resource

Recommended Schemes: None Examples:
  1. IMAGE, JPEG, 250Kb
  2. AUDIO, .WAV, 2.4 Mb
  3. VIDEO, .MPEG 319Mb

Maps to DC Element: Format


Definition: An unambiguous reference to the resource within a given context.

Obligation: Required (if available)
Occurrence: Repeatable

identifier.citation: formal citation for the resource
identifier.doi: DOI for the resource
identifier.govdoc: government documents number for the resource
identifier.isbn: ISBN of the resource
identifier.ismn: ISMN of the resource
identifier.issn: ISSN of the resource
identifier.osuauthor: OSU author identifier of the resource
identifier.other: another identifier of the resource
identifier.sici: SICI of the resource
identifier.tgn: TGN identifier of the resource
identifier.uri: URI where the resource is located

Recommended Schemes: None

Input Guidelines:
  1. A persistent identifier.uri (or a handle) is automatically assigned by the Knowledge Bank software
  2. RG.1323.212
  3. 3395-2092
  4. The Ohio Journal of Science, v. 56 no. 2

Maps to DC Element: Identifier

Knowledge Bank Input-Output Metadata Map

Default Label
(simple item view)
Available Fields Default Label
(submission display)
Dublin Core Element and Qualifier
(full item view and admin edit display)
Title Title Title dc.title Y
Other Titles Alternative Other Titles dc.title.alternative Y
Creators Creator Creator dc.creator Y
Contributors Contributor Contributor dc.contributor Y
Contributors Advisor   dc.contributor.advisor Y
Contributors Author Y
Contributors Editor   dc.contributor.editor Y
Contributors Illustrator   dc.contributor.illustrator Y
Contributors Other   dc.contributor.other Y
Issue Date Issued Date of Issue
  Description Description dc.description Y
Abstract Abstract Abstract dc.description.abstract Y
Embargo   dc.description.embargo  
Provenance   dc.description.provenance
Sponsors Sponsors dc.description.sponsorship Y
Statement of Responsibility   dc.description.statementofresponsibility Y
Table of Contents Contents dc.description.tableofcontents Y
URI dc.description.uri
Keywords Subject Subject Keywords dc.subject Y
Classification   dc.subject.classification Y
DDC   dc.subject.ddc Y
LCC   dc.subject.lcc Y
LCSH   dc.subject.lcsh Y
MESH   dc.subject.mesh Y
NALT   dc.subject.nalt Y
Other Subject   dc.subject.other Y
Spatial   dc.coverage.spatial Y
Temporal   dc.coverage.temporal  
Language   dc.language  
ISO Language dc.language.iso Y
Type Type dc.type Y
Publisher Publisher Publisher dc.publisher Y
Source   dc.source  
Image   dc.source.image  
URI dc.source.uri
Rights dc.rights
URI dc.rights.uri
Relation dc.relation
HasPart dc.relation.haspart
HasVersion dc.relation.hasversion
IsBasedOn dc.relation.isbasedon
IsFormatOf dc.relation.isformatof
IsPartOf dc.relation.ispartof
Series/Report no. IsPartOfSeries Series/Report No. dc.relation.ispartofseries Y
IsReferencedBy dc.relation.isreferencedby
IsReplacedBy dc.relation.isreplacedby
IsVersionOf dc.relation.isversionof
Replaces dc.relation.replaces
Requires dc.relation.requires
URI dc.relation.uri
Format dc.format
Extent dc.format.extent
Medium dc.format.medium
Mime Type dc.format.mimetype
Other Identifiers Identifier   dc.identifier Y
Citation Citation Citation dc.identifier.citation Y
DOI DOI DOI dc.identifier.doi Y
Gov't Doc # Govdoc Gov't Doc # dc.identifier.govdoc Y
ISBN ISBN ISBN dc.identifier.isbn Y
ISMN ISMN ISMN dc.identifier.ismn Y
ISSN ISSN ISSN dc.identifier.issn Y
  OSU Author OSU Author dc.identifier.osuauthor Y
  Other Other dc.identifier.other Y
  Sici dc.identifier.sici Y
TGN TGN TGN dc.identifier.tgn Y
URI URI URI dc.identifier.uri Y

Knowledge Bank Core Element Set: Condensed View

Title Mandatory Non-Repeatable DC.title
Creator Required (if available) Repeatable DC.creator
Contributor Optional Repeatable DC.contributor
Date Required (if available) Repeatable
Description Required (if available) Repeatable DC.description
Subject Required (if available) Repeatable DC.subject
Coverage Optional Repeatable DC.coverage
Language Required (if available) Repeatable DC.language
Type Required (if available) Repeatable DC.type
Publisher Required (if available) Repeatable DC.publisher
Source Optional Repeatable DC.relation.HasFormat
Rights Optional Repeatable DC.rights
Relation Optional Repeatable DC.relation
Format Optional Repeatable DC.format
Identifier Required (if available) Repeatable DC.identifier

Knowledge Bank Core Element Set: Grouped by Function

Elements related to the original (regardless of format) Elements related to the digital manifestation Elements related to OSU Knowledge Bank asset management
Title Publisher Format
Creator Source Identifier
Contributor Rights  

Document last revised: 01/26/2010

Page last modified: 1 June 2012

This site is best viewed with 1024 x 768 monitor resolution with high or true color settings. If you have questions or comments about any portion of this site or need the information in an alternative format, please contact ...

Technical Services Home     |