Found in the Collection: Jiji Manga, February 1921

The Billy Ireland Cartoon Library is home to one of the largest Japanese-language manga collections outside of Japan, amounting to over 18,000 manga items. This includes an incredible 500+ issue run of Jiji Manga, a weekly supplement that was added to the Jiji-Shinpo newspapers in 1900. This would be the first time that the word manga appeared in the title of a publication, inaugurating it’s popular use.

The image below is from the front cover of the February 11th, 1921 issue of Jiji Manga, a beautifully designed cartoon piece on Japanese women’s liberation.

Jiji Manga, February 11th, 1921. The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum (click to enlarge)

“Jiji Manga”, February 11th, 1921. The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum (click to enlarge)

With the help of our amazing manga cataloger, Misty Alvaro, we were able to decipher the meaning of some of the kanji, while other archaic characters are unknown to us for the time being. If any readers would like to offer their expertise, feel free to comment!

The first bubble that the woman is blowing depicts a Japanese woman cutting off the long, restrictive sleeves of her traditional kimono, a rebellious act, while the next image refers to labor reform for women. The definite meaning of the third bubble is still unknown to us. The fourth bubble is about sexual freedom and STDs, and the fifth represents the reform of childbirth laws. The sixth bubble deals with women’s suffrage, and the seventh is for choosing your own partner based on love: marriage freedom.

Below, scans of the inside pages of this time-faded issue:

jijimangainside1

“Jiji Manga”, February 21, 1921. The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum (click to enlarge)

Jijimangainside2

“Jiji Manga”, February 21, 1921. The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum (click to enlarge)

To learn more about our manga collection, you can view our collection development policy here.

One Comment

  1. So glad you’ve scanned this first issue of Kitazawa Rakuten’s Jiji Manga — and thanks for the link to the collection development policy on my manga blog!

    Together with my graduate assistant, Hyejeong Choi, I’ve been indexing that publication on the library’s wiki,as I have been gradually collecting the issues for the library. Here’s a link to the page for that issue, which transcribes the text on the page:
    Jiji Manga No. 1 (Feb 11, 1921)
    Here is how we translated those bubbles:

    Contemporary women’s ideas ( thought / philosophy / notions / thinking):
    wardrobe improvement,
    changing life for the better,
    struggles for women’s place in the workforce,
    alliance of women who refuse to marry,
    birth control,
    free love

    Browse the issues of Jiji Manga here: Jiji Manga main page

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